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SAR for a wide variety of heterocyclic replacements for a benzimidazole led to the discovery of functionalized 2-pyridyl amides as novel inhibitors of the hedgehog pathway. The 2-pyridyl amides were optimized for potency, PK, and drug-like properties by modifications to the amide portion of the molecule resulting in 31 (GDC-0449). Amide 31 produced complete(More)
Vismodegib (GDC-0449), a small-molecule Hedgehog pathway inhibitor, was well tolerated in patients with solid tumors and showed promising efficacy in advanced basal cell carcinoma in a Phase I trial. The purpose of the study presented here was to determine routes of elimination and the extent of vismodegib metabolism, including assessment and identification(More)
The chemical stability of recombinant human lymphotoxin (rhLT) was evaluated at pH 7, 9, and 11 and 40 degrees C using quantitative tryptic map and urea-IEF methods. Degradation products were characterized by mass spectrometry. The stability of denatured rhLT protein was also evaluated to elucidate the effects of three-dimensional structures on Asn(More)
One common challenge in pharmaceutical product development is mapping the potential effects of a large number of variables. Conventional experimental tools such as design-of-experiment (DoE) approach demand study scales too large to be practical. In comparison, nonexperimental studies have the advantage to evaluate a large number of variables, but may(More)
1. Modern high-throughput small molecule drug discovery requires rapid screening of the pharmacokinetic parameters of multiple candidate molecules in parallel. The mouse is often used for such screening, as are solvent-based intravenous formulations. Despite this, the intravenous toxicity of many commonly used solvents is unknown. The purpose of this(More)
In quality by design (QbD) paradigm, specifications on active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) are a critical component of the overall control strategy to ensure drug product quality. In establishing appropriate specifications for highly correlated API properties, multivariate specifications were advocated recently (Duchesne C, MacGregor JF. 2004. J Qual(More)
Multivariate data analysis methods such as partial least square (PLS) modeling have been increasingly applied to pharmaceutical product development. This study applied the PLS modeling to analyze a product development dataset generated from a design of experiment and historical batch data. Attention was paid in particular to the assessment of the importance(More)
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