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BACKGROUND Cancers have a multifactorial etiology a part of which is genetic. Recent data indicate that expression of the tight junction claudin proteins is involved in the etiology and progression of cancer. METHODS To explore the correlations of the tight junction proteins claudin-2,-6, and -11 in the pathogenesis and clinical behavior of gastric(More)
Shortage of red blood cells (RBCs, erythrocytes) can have potentially life-threatening consequences for rare or unusual blood type patients with massive blood loss resulting from various conditions. Erythrocytes have been derived from human pluripotent stem cells (PSCs), but the risk of potential tumorigenicity cannot be ignored, and a majority of these(More)
To research the effects of silencing transcription factor SNAI1 on the in vitro biological phenotypes of breast cancer cell line MCF-7, based on the gene sequence of SNAI1, we linked shRNA with the green fluorescent protein-expressing eukaryotic expression vector pGCsilencer™ U6/Neo/GFP, and transfected it into MCF-7 cells. The SNAI1 gene-silencing effect(More)
BACKGROUND Tight junctions (TJs) are mainly composed of claudins, occludin, and tight junction adhesion molecules (JAM). The invasive and metastatic phenotype of highly invasive cancer cells has been related to abnormal structure and function of TJs, and with expression of activated matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). The relevance of these mechanisms(More)
Claudin-6 (CLDN6), a critical tight junction protein acting as a tumor suppressor in breast cancer, is also considered to be a stem cell marker. Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a subtype of claudin-low and stem cell-like breast cancer which is chemoresistant to multiple anti-cancer drugs. The aim of our study was to determine whether CLDN6 plays a(More)
Claudin 6 (CLDN6), a member of tight junction protein claudin (CLDN) family, inhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis of MCF-7 breast cancer cells. However, these molecular mechanisms of CLDN6-induced apoptosis remain largely elusive. We previously found that restoration of human CLDN6 gene expression was correlated with the expression level of(More)
BACKGROUND Claudin-6 (CLDN6), a member of CLDN family and a key component of tight junction, has been reported to function as a tumor suppressor in breast cancer. However, whether CLDN6 plays any role in breast cancer chemoresistance remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the role of CLDN6 in the acquisition of chemoresistance in breast cancer(More)
Claudin-6 (CLDN6) is an integral component of the tight junction proteins in polarized epithelial and endothelial cells and plays a crucial role in maintaining cell integrity. Deregulation of CLDN6 expression and distribution in tumor tissues have been widely documented and correlated with cancer progression and metastasis. However, a complete mechanistic(More)
BACKGROUND Claudin-6 (CLDN6), a member of claudin transmembrane protein family, has recently been reported to be undetectable or at low levels in human breast cancer cell lines and tissues and plays a role in suppression of migration and invasion in breast cancer cells. In addition, it is reported that CLDN6 expression is regulated by DNA methylation in(More)
The downregulation of tight junction protein CLDN6 promotes breast cancer cell migration and invasion; however, the exact mechanism underlying CLDN6 downregulation remains unclear. CLDN6 silence is associated with DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) mediated DNA methylation, and DNMT1 is regulated by the transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ)/SMAD pathway.(More)