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BACKGROUND Patients with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer typically show favorable survival. However, identifying individuals at high risk of recurrence among these patients is a crucial issue. We tested the hypothesis that [18F]-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) scans can help predict prognosis in patients with hormone(More)
The aim of this study is to compare [(18)F]FPEB and [(18)F]FDEGPECO for the quantification of mGlu5 receptors in rodent brains. After preparation of radioligands, dynamic PET data was acquired for 90min. Estimated non-displaceable binding potential (BPND) values were calculated from the non-invasive Logan's graphical analysis method. Although both(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether the brain uptake of [18F]Mefway is influenced by the action of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and breast cancer resistance protein (Bcrp) in rodents. [18F]Mefway was applied to rats pharmacologically inhibited with tariquidar (TQD) and to genetically disrupted mice. Pretreatment of TQD results in 160 % higher(More)
OBJECTIVE Until now, serum tumor markers, physical examination, and conventional imaging modalities, such as CT or MRI, have been used in assessment of recurrence of cervical cancer after treatment. However, CT and MRI provide only anatomical data, which makes analysis of post-treatment change difficult. This study aims to explore the effectiveness of(More)
MUSCLE ATROPHY IS THE RESULT OF TWO OPPOSING CONDITIONS THAT CAN BE FOUND IN PATHOLOGICAL OR DISEASED MUSCLES: an imbalance in protein synthesis and degradation mechanisms. Thus, we investigated whether exogenous melatonin could regulate muscle components in stroke-induced muscle atrophy in rats. Comparing muscle phenotypes, we found that long-term(More)
Single-phase, polycrystalline Er(x)Y(2-x)SiO(5) thin films were deposited by reactive ion-beam sputter deposition and rapid thermal annealing. Due to the crystalline nature, the silicate thin films provide peak Er(3+) emission cross-section of 0.9 +/- 0.02 x 10(-20) cm(2) that is higher than that in silica. Optical gain, with near 60% inversion, is achieved(More)
Size-controlled graphene quantum dots (GQDs) are prepared via amidative cutting of tattered graphite. The power of this method is that the size of the GQDs could be varied from 2 to over 10 nm by simply regulating the amine concentration. The energy gaps in such GQDs are narrowed down with increasing their size, showing colorful photoluminescence from blue(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that melatonin combined with exercise can alleviate secondary damage after spinal cord injury in rats. Therefore, it is hypothesized that melatonin combined with exercise can also alleviate ischemic brain damage. In this study, adult rats were subjected to right middle cerebral artery occlusion after receiving 10 mg/kg(More)
Stress affects the serotonergic system, which is associated with depression. Previous research has showed that chronic stress causes the deactivation of the limbic system. However, the influence of the acute physical stress on the serotonergic system in vivo was primarily unclear. The purpose of this research is to elucidate the effects of the acute(More)