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BACKGROUND Edwardsiella tarda is the etiologic agent of edwardsiellosis, a devastating fish disease prevailing in worldwide aquaculture industries. Here we describe the complete genome of E. tarda, EIB202, a highly virulent and multi-drug resistant isolate in China. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS E. tarda EIB202 possesses a single chromosome of 3,760,463(More)
Edwardsiella bacteria are leading fish pathogens causing huge losses to aquaculture industries worldwide. E. tarda is a broad-host range pathogen that infects more than 20 species of fish and other animals including humans while E. ictaluri is host-adapted to channel catfish causing enteric septicemia of catfish (ESC). Thus, these two species consist of a(More)
With the emergence of next-generation sequencing, the availability of prokaryotic genome sequences is expanding rapidly. A total of 5,276 genomes have been released since 2008, yet only 1,692 genomes were complete. The final phase of microbial genome sequencing, particularly gap closing, is frequently the rate-limiting step either because of complex genomic(More)
In Gram-negative bacteria, the TonB/ExbB/ExbD complex is required to energize the specific high-affinity receptors mediating iron uptake processes. In fish pathogen Vibrio alginolyticus MVP01, which exhibited capacities to scavenge iron sources with various specific iron uptake systems, we identified and characterized two sets of TonB systems. In V.(More)
The inter-kingdom communication with the mammalian hosts mediated by autoinducer-3 (AI-3)/epinephrine (Epi)/norepinephrine (NE), and transduced by two-component systems QseBC has recently been described. As a fish pathogen and opportunistic pathogen for human beings, Edwardsiella tarda develops surface structures such as flagellar and fimbriae to cause(More)
Edwarsiella tarda is highly resistant to the action of cationic antimicrobial peptides (CAMPs). However, the mechanism underlying CAMP resistance is not clear. The enzyme UDP-glucose dehydrogenase (Ugd) that converts UDP-glucose into UDP-glucuronic acid may be important for this resistance. In this study, a ugd gene was identified in E. tarda and its(More)
β-Lactams disrupt bacterial cell wall synthesis, and these agents are the most widely used antibiotics. One of the principle mechanisms by which bacteria resist the action of β-lactams is by producing β-lactamases, enzymes that degrade β-lactams. In Gram-negative bacteria, production of β-lactamases is often induced in response to the antibiotic-associated(More)
Strains of extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) can invade and colonize extraintestinal sites and cause a wide range of infections. Genomic analysis of ExPEC has mainly focused on isolates of human and avian origins, with porcine ExPEC isolates yet to be sequenced. To better understand the genomic attributes underlying the pathogenicity of(More)
Leptospirosis, caused by pathogenic Leptospira spp., has recently been recognized as an emerging infectious disease worldwide. Despite its severity and global importance, knowledge about the molecular pathogenesis and virulence evolution of Leptospira spp. remains limited. Here we sequenced and analyzed 102 isolates representing global sources. A high(More)