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Network synchronization is important to time-sensitive applications. Legacy NTP provides the base time to other network devices. Time accuracy gets lower as the stratum goes down, due to jitter/wander. To solve this problem, IEEE 1588 PTP and IEEE 802.1AS were developed. These technologies, however, have problems with too many messages being generated.(More)
We report a miniaturized probe-based combined two-photon microscopy (TPM) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) system. This system is to study the colorectal cancer in mouse models by visualizing both cellular and structural information of the colon in 3D with TPM and OCT respectively. The probe consisted of gradient index (GRIN) lenses and a 90°(More)
This paper proposes a robust control scheme based on a disturbance observer (DOB) for flexible joint robots. In this paper, the DOB is applied only on the motor-side dynamics of the robot, and the uncertainties on the motor-side are successfully eliminated. It is shown that, to guarantee the stability, the estimated motor-side position should be fed back(More)
This paper proposes a robust PD control scheme for flexible-joint robots based on a disturbance observer (DOB). In this paper, the DOB is applied only to the motor-side dynamics of the robot, and the uncertainties on the motor-side are successfully eliminated. It is shown that the proposed DOB-based approach guarantees global asymptotic stability. To this(More)
In this paper, an advanced preoperative planning framework for spinal fusion is presented. The framework is based on spinal pedicle data obtained from computed tomography (CT) images, and provides optimal insertion trajectories and pedicle screw sizes. The proposed approach begins with a safety margin estimation for each potential insertion trajectory that(More)
Robustness is a very classical issue in the robotics field. Disturbance observer (DOB) can be a good choice to improve the robustness of the system. It is easy to implement and shows successful results. DOB, however, cannot bring nonlinearity of the system into the formulation. To overcome this problem, nonlinear robust internal loop compensator (NRIC) is(More)
This paper proposes a simple model-free joint torque control strategy for hydraulic robots. The undesirable effect called “natural velocity feedback effect” is discussed by introducing mechanical impedance of the system. The proposed model-free joint torque control consists of internal-loop control and external-loop control (2 degrees of(More)
This paper proposes a passivity-based nonlinear disturbance observer (DOB) design for a powered upper-limb robot control. The proposed DOB allows for the nonlinearities of the robot dynamics, whereas the typical DOB designs cannot. Moreover, by virtue of the passivity property, human operator and environmental interactions can be embedded in the control(More)