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The embryonic stem cell (ESC) transcriptional and epigenetic networks are controlled by a multilayer regulatory circuitry, including core transcription factors (TFs), posttranscriptional modifier microRNAs (miRNAs), and some other regulators. However, the role of large intergenic noncoding RNAs (lincRNAs) in this regulatory circuitry and their underlying(More)
Fibroblasts can be reprogrammed to induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) by application of transcription factors octamer-binding protein 4 (Oct4), SRY-box containing gene 2 (Sox2), Kruppel-like factor 4 (Klf4), and c-Myelocytomatosis oncogene (c-Myc) (OSKM), but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we report that exogenous Oct4 and Sox2 can bind(More)
Fibroblasts can be reprogrammed into induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) by the application of Yamanaka factors (OSKM), but the mechanisms underlying this reprogramming remain poorly understood. Here, we report that Sox2 directly regulates endogenous microRNA-29b (miR-29b) expression during iPSC generation and that miR-29b expression is required for(More)
Induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells, especially those reprogrammed from patient somatic cells, have a great potential usage in regenerative medicine. The expression of p53 has been proven as a key barrier limiting iPS cell generation, but how p53 is regulated during cell reprogramming remains unclear. In this study, we found that the ectopic expression of(More)
The homing ability and secretory function of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are key factors that influence cell involvement in wound repair. These factors are controlled by multilayer regulatory circuitry, including adhesion molecules, core transcription factors (TFs) and certain other regulators. However, the role of adhesion molecules in this regulatory(More)
The embryonic microenvironment is known to suppress the tumorigenic phenotype of aggressive cancer cells; however, the effects of tumorigenic microenvironments on stem cells have not been sufficiently explored due to the lack of suitable model systems. In order to study the tumorigenic microenviornment, we developed a novel in vitro model system for(More)
: Excessive scar formation caused by myofibroblast aggregations is of great clinical importance during skin wound healing. Studies have shown that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can promote skin regeneration, but whether MSCs contribute to scar formation remains undefined. We found that umbilical cord-derived MSCs (uMSCs) reduced scar formation and(More)
The adipogenesis effect of fibroblast growth factor 10 (FGF10) has been demonstrated in many studies. The aim of this study is to render a novel method which can continuously induce hypodermal adipose-derived stem cell (ADSC) differentiation and maturation in vivo and in vitro using FGF10. We constructed a recombinant pcDNA3.0-FGF10-MSC which can(More)
The junctional adhesion molecule A (JAM-A) has been shown to serve a crucial role in the proliferation, differentiation, and tube-like formation of epithelial cells during angiogenesis. The role of JAM-A in hair follicle (HF) regeneration has not yet been reported. In this study, we used human JAM-A-modified human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to repair HF(More)
The maturation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS) is one of the limiting steps of somatic cell reprogramming, but the underlying mechanism is largely unknown. Here, we reported that knockdown of histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC2) specifically promoted the maturation of iPS cells. Further studies showed that HDAC2 knockdown significantly increased histone(More)