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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) constitute a large family of noncoding RNAs that function as guide molecules in diverse gene silencing pathways. Current efforts are focused on the regulatory function of miRNAs, while little is known about how these unusual genes themselves are regulated. Here we present the first direct evidence that miRNA genes are transcribed by RNA(More)
A new bacterial strain isolated from activated sludge, identified as Pseudomonas aeruginosa EMS1, produced a biosurfactant when grown on acidified soybean oil as the sole carbon source. An optimum biosurfactant production of 5 g/L was obtained with the following medium composition: 2% acidified soybean oil, 0.3% NH4NO3, 0.03% KH2PO4, 0.03% K2HPO4, 0.02%(More)
Haematococcus pluvialis cells predominantly remain in the macrozooid stage under favourable environmental conditions but are rapidly differentiated into haematocysts upon exposure to various environmental stresses. Haematocysts are characterized by massive accumulations of astaxanthin sequestered in cytosolic oil globules. Lipidomic analyses revealed that(More)
DNA damage in eukaryotic cells induces signaling pathways mediated by the ATM, p53 and ERK proteins, but the interactions between these pathways are not completely known. To address this issue, we performed a time course analysis in human embryonic fibroblast cells treated with DNA-damaging agents. DNA damage induced the phosphorylation of p53 at Ser 15(More)
Epigenetics has been emphasized in the postgenome era to clarify obscure health risks of environmental toxicants including endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs). In addition, mixed exposure in real life can modify health consequences of the toxicants. Particularly, some nutritional and dietary materials modify individual susceptibility through changes in(More)
Recent genetic studies have established that the KhoeSan populations of southern Africa are distinct from all other African populations and have remained largely isolated during human prehistory until about 2,000 years ago. Dozens of different KhoeSan groups exist, belonging to three different language families, but very little is known about population(More)
The surface of indium-tin oxide (ITO) substrates was successfully modified with aziridine. Modification of the surface was achieved through facile ring-opening, and hyperbranching polymerization of the ring-strained heterocycle initiated from the reactive group on the surface. Amine density of the aziridine-modified ITO measured with UV-vis(More)
Recent genetic studies have established that the KhoeSan populations of southern Africa are distinct from all other African populations and have remained largely isolated during human prehistory until ∼2000 years ago. Dozens of different KhoeSan groups exist, belonging to three different language families, but very little is known about their population(More)
Cucurbitacin B (CuB) is a triterpenoid that is widely distributed in the plant kingdom and has a variety of biological activities. However, the immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory effects of CuB have not been well characterized. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the effects of CuB on parameters related to antigen presentation and T-cell(More)
As a continuous research for discovery of new COX-2 inhibitors, we present the simple chemical synthesis, in vitro biological screening, and molecular docking study of 1H-pyrrole-2,5-dione derivatives. New synthetic compounds were evaluated for the inhibitory activities on LPS-induced PGE2 production in RAW 264.7 macrophage cells as well as the COX-1 and(More)