Minjian Chen

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Induction of macrophage necrosis is a strategy used by virulent Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) to avoid innate host defense. In contrast, attenuated Mtb causes apoptosis, which limits bacterial replication and promotes T cell cross-priming by antigen-presenting cells. Here we show that Mtb infection causes plasma membrane microdisruptions. Resealing of(More)
OBJECTIVES Bisphenol A (BPA) is widely used in epoxy resins in China. There are few reports on the adverse health effects of occupational exposure to BPA. This study examined associations between urinary BPA concentrations in workers and laboratory parameters for health status. METHODS Spot urine checks at the end shift on Friday were used for(More)
Infection of human monocyte-derived macrophages with Mycobacterium tuberculosis at low multiplicities of infection leads 48-72 h after the infection to cell death with the characteristics of apoptosis or necrosis. Predominant induction of one or the other cell death modality depends on differences in mitochondrial membrane perturbation induced by attenuated(More)
Macrophages infected with attenuated Mycobacterium tuberculosis strain H37Ra become apoptotic, which limits bacterial replication and facilitates antigen presentation. Here we demonstrate that cells infected with H37Ra became apoptotic after the formation of an apoptotic envelope on their surface was complete. This process required exposure of(More)
Virulent Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) induces a maladaptive cytolytic death modality, necrosis, which is advantageous for the pathogen. We report that necrosis of macrophages infected with the virulent Mtb strains H37Rv and Erdmann depends on predominant LXA(4) production that is part of the antiinflammatory and inflammation-resolving action induced by(More)
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a widely used material known to cause adverse effects in humans and other mammals. To date, little is known about the global metabolomic alterations caused by BPA using urinalysis. Sprague-Dawley rats were orally administrated BPA at the levels of 0, 0.5 μg/kg/day and 50 mg/kg/day covering a low dose and a reference dose for 8 weeks. We(More)
Widespread human exposure to phenols has been documented recently, and some phenols which are potential endocrine disruptors have demonstrated adverse effects on male reproduction in animal and in vitro studies. However, implications about exposure to phenols and male infertility are scarce in humans. Case-control study of 877 idiopathic infertile men and(More)
Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) is associated with male reproductive disorders, but its targets and mechanisms are poorly understood. We used in vitro and in vivo models to explore the roles of Sertoli cells and the blood-testis barrier (BTB) in PFOS-induced male reproductive dysfunction. First, we used primary Sertoli cell to estimate PFOS-induced(More)
Octylphenol (OP) and Trichlorophenol (TCP) act as endocrine disruptors and have effects on male reproductive function. We studied the interactions between 4-tert-Octylphenol (4-t-OP), 4-n- Octylphenol (4-n-OP), 2,3,4-Trichlorophenol (2,3,4-TCP), 2,4,5-Trichlorophenol (2,4,5-TCP) urinary exposure levels and polymorphisms in selected xenobiotic metabolism(More)
Widespread use of phenols has led to ubiquitous exposure to phenols. In experimental animals, phenols increased resorptions, reduced live litter size and fetal body weights. However, there are limited epidemiological evidences of the relationships between exposure to phenols and pregnancy outcomes. We evaluated the associations between parental urinary(More)