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This paper proposes a finite-difference (FD)-based method for the design of gradient coils in MRI. The design method first uses the FD approximation to describe the continuous current density of the coil space and then employs the stream function method to extract the coil patterns. During the numerical implementation, a linear equation is constructed and(More)
Development of hyperpolarized technology utilizing dynamic nuclear polarization has enabled the measurement of (13)C metabolism in vivo at very high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). In vivo mitochondrial metabolism can, in principle, be monitored with pyruvate, which is catalyzed to acetyl-CoA via pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH). The purpose of this work was to(More)
Hyperpolarized technology utilizing dynamic nuclear polarization has enabled rapid and high-sensitivity measurements of (13)C metabolism in vivo. The most commonly used in vivo agent for hyperpolarized (13)C metabolic imaging thus far has been [1-(13)C]pyruvate. In preclinical studies, not only is its uptake detected, but also its intracellular enzymatic(More)
The uniformity of the static magnetic field B0 is of prime importance for an MRI system. The passive shimming technique is usually applied to improve the uniformity of the static field by optimizing the layout of a series of steel shims. The steel pieces are fixed in the drawers in the inner bore of the superconducting magnet, and produce a magnetizing(More)
A cell whose substrates were coated with the polyamic acid SE1211 (Nissan Chemical Industries) and baked at high temperatures was filled with a nematic liquid crystal in the isotropic phase. On cooling into the nematic phase, naturally occurring and temporally and thermally robust reverse tilt domains separated by thin filamentlike walls were observed. The(More)
This paper presents a novel passive shimming method for the effective correction of static magnetic field (B0) inhomogeneities in Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) systems. Passive shimming is used to find an optimum configuration for the placement of iron pieces applied to improve the B0 uniformity in the predefined imaging region referred to as the(More)
In magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), the gradient coils are used to encode the spatial positions of protons by varying the magnetic field linearly across the imaging subject. With the latest development of MRI technique and new clinical and research applications, the gradient coil system requires increasingly innovative designs. In this paper, four(More)
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