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BACKGROUND Oral fumarate (BG00012) might have dual anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects. Our aim was to assess the efficacy and safety of BG00012 in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. METHODS 257 patients, aged 18-55 years, with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis were randomly assigned to receive 120 mg once daily (n=64),(More)
BACKGROUND Natalizumab, a humanized monoclonal anti-adhesion molecule antibody, reduces the frequency of new gadolinium (Gd) enhancing lesions and relapses in multiple sclerosis (MS). Its effect on evolution of new Gd enhancing lesions to T1 hypointense lesions is unknown. METHODS 213 patients were randomized to receive 3 mg/kg or 6 mg/kg natalizumab or(More)
In the Phase 3 DEFINE study, delayed-release dimethyl fumarate (DMF) 240 mg twice (BID) and three times daily (TID) significantly reduced the mean number of new or enlarging T2-hyperintense lesions and gadolinium-enhancing (Gd+) lesion activity at 2 years in patients (MRI cohort; n = 540) with relapsing-remitting MS. The analyses described here expand on(More)
BACKGROUND Natalizumab, a humanized monoclonal IgG4 antibody, is an alpha4-integrin antagonist, which inhibits the migration of inflammatory cells into the central nervous system, a key pathogenic mechanism in multiple sclerosis (MS). In a six month, phase II clinical trial of patients with relapsing MS, natalizumab significantly reduced the formation of(More)
OBJECTIVES the relative difficulties of items on the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) were compared in English-speaking Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients in the United States (US) and United Kingdom (UK). METHODS participants were aged 75 and over, with a clinical diagnosis of AD according to standardized methods. Initial MMSE scores from an AD(More)
Objective: To evaluate the effects of oral delayed-release dimethyl fumarate (DMF; also known as gastro-resistant DMF) on MRI lesion activity and load, atrophy, and magnetization transfer ratio (MTR) measures from the Comparator and an Oral Fumarate in Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis (CONFIRM) study. Methods: CONFIRM was a 2-year, placebo-controlled(More)
OBJECTIVE Obtain a more precise estimate of the efficacy of delayed-release dimethyl fumarate (DMF; also known as gastro-resistant DMF) in relapsing multiple sclerosis (MS) and examine the consistency of DMF's effects across patient subgroups stratified by baseline demographic and disease characteristics. METHODS A prespecified integrated analysis of the(More)
We measured changes in brain magnetization transfer ratio (MTR) as a potential indicator of myelin density in brain tissue of patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) treated with delayed-release dimethyl fumarate (DMF) in the Phase 3 DEFINE study. DEFINE was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study in which patients with RRMS(More)