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Organisms must be able to respond to low oxygen in a number of homeostatic and pathological contexts. Regulation of hypoxic responses via the hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) is well established, but evidence indicates that other, HIF-independent mechanisms are also involved. Here, we report a hypoxic response that depends on the accumulation of lactate, a(More)
This paper proposes a novel service differentiation mechanism utilizing optical buffers in transparent optical networks. We first introduce fiber delay line (FDL)-based optical buffers and propose a hybrid shared optical buffered node. Based on the proposed buffer, diverse service requirements can be satisfied by assigning different priorities on accessing(More)
— Performance of the IEEE 802.16e power management is mainly affected by two operating parameters: the minimum sleep interval (Tmin) and the maximum sleep interval (Tmax), in sleep-mode operation. To enhance the performance, this letter proposes a new power saving mechanism, which adaptively controls these parameters by considering the request period of(More)
The access network has remained the bottleneck in efforts to deliver bandwidth-intensive new-generation applications and services to subscribers. In the wired access network, the gigabit Ethernet passive optical network (GEPON) is a promising technology for relieving this bottleneck, while its counterpart in the wireless access network is worldwide(More)
BACKGROUND Although uterine artery embolization (UAE) is a well-recognized alternative treatment for postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) with a high clinical efficacy, the reported success rate of UAE for PPH associated with placenta accreta (PA) is lower. Recently, with advances in techniques and expertise, a few studies have reported favorable results of UAE in(More)
—The 802.16e power management helps to increase the lifetime of Mobile Subscriber Stations (MSSs) by reducing their energy consumption, but this reduction results in Medium Access Control (MAC) Service Data Unit (SDU) response delay. Hence, both energy consumption and MAC SDU response delay are important performance metrics; however, they have a trade-off(More)
The sleep-mode operation in power management helps to increase the life of a mobile station by saving energy consumption while it increases the MAC service data unit (SDU) response delay. Due to the trade-off relationship between these two performance metrics, it is important to determine the suitable values for two operating parameters, the initial sleep(More)