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We did a case-control study in five Hong Kong hospitals, with 241 non-infected and 13 infected staff with documented exposures to 11 index patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) during patient care. All participants were surveyed about use of mask, gloves, gowns, and hand-washing, as recommended under droplets and contact precautions when(More)
A serologically typical strain of Burkholderia pseudomallei (strain 304b) was found to produce two S-type lipopolysaccharides (LPS) differing in the chemical structures of their O-polysaccharide (O-PS) components. Structural analysis revealed that one O-antigenic polysaccharide (O-PS I) is an unbranched high-molecular-weight polymer of 1,3-linked(More)
Plasmodium falciparum-infected erythrocytes (IRBC) roll on the adhesion molecule P-selectin in vitro under flow conditions that approximate the shear stress in capillary and postcapillary venules in which cytoadherence occurs in vivo. The pathological significance of this adhesive interaction is currently unknown. In this study, we further investigated the(More)
To determine whether amounts of vitamin D lower than recommended doses are effective in preventing rickets, 256 term infants from two northern and two southern cities in China were studied in a randomized trial of vitamin D supplementation (100, 200, or 400 IU/day) during the first 6 months of life. Cord blood and 6-month blood samples were collected and(More)
The clinical complications associated with severe and cerebral malaria occur as a result of the intravascular mechanical obstruction of erythrocytes infected with the asexual stages of the parasite, Plasmodium falciparum. We now report that a primary P. falciparum-infected erythrocyte (parasitized red blood cell [PRBC]) isolate from a patient with severe(More)
1. Human 5-HT1B (h5-HT1B) and human 5-HT1D (h5-HT1D) receptors show remarkably similar pharmacology with few compounds discriminating the receptors. We report here on a novel compound, SB-224289 (1'-Methyl-5-[[2'-methyl-4'-(5-methyl- 1,2,4-oxadiazol-3-yl)biphenyl-4-yl]carbonyl]-2,3,6,7-tetrahydro spiro [furo [2,3-f]indole-3,4'-piperidine] oxalate), which(More)
BACKGROUND A novel prognostic staging classification encompassing all forms of thyroid carcinoma was created for the National Thyroid Cancer Treatment Cooperative Study (NTCTCS) Registry, with the goal of prospective validation and comparison with other available staging classifications. METHODS Patient information was recorded prospectively from 14(More)
1. It has been reported that radiolabelled agonist : antagonist binding affinity ratios can predict functional efficacy at several different receptors. This study investigates whether this prediction is true for recombinant and native tissue 5-HT(1A) receptors. 2. Saturation studies using [(3)H]-8-OH-DPAT and [(3)H]-MPPF revealed a single, high affinity(More)
Microbial pathogens subvert host adhesion molecules to disseminate or to enter host cells to promote their own survival. One such subversion is the cytoadherence of Plasmodium falciparum-infected erythrocytes (IRBC) to vascular endothelium, which protects the parasite from being removed by the spleen. The process results in microcirculatory obstruction and(More)
The MICs of 13 antimicrobial agents including seven fluoroquinolones (ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, sparfloxacin, grepafloxacin, gatifloxacin, moxifloxacin and clinafloxacin) for Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates obtained from all regions of Hong Kong in the year 2000 were determined by the Etest. Overall, 39.4% of 180 isolates were susceptible to(More)