Mingzhu Fang

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Certain dietary polyphenols, such as (-)-epigallocatechin 3-gallate (EGCG) from green tea and genistein from soybean, have been demonstrated to inhibit DNA methyltransferases (DNMT) in vitro. This inhibitory activity is associated with the demethylation of the CpG islands in the promoters and the reactivation of methylation-silenced genes such as p16INK4a,(More)
Effective treatment as well as prognostic biomarker for malignant esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is urgently needed. The present study was aimed at identifying oncogenic genes involving dysregulated intracellular Ca2+ signaling, which is known to function importantly in cellular proliferation and migration. Tumors from patients with ESCC were(More)
PURPOSE Previous studies have suggested an important role of aberrant arachidonic acid metabolism, especially the cyclooxygenase (Cox) pathway, in oral carcinogenesis. However, it is unknown whether the 5-lipoxygenase (5-Lox) pathway contributes to oral carcinogenesis, and whether combination of inhibitors of both pathways may have synergistic or additive(More)
Human esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) develops in a sequence from gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), columnar-lined esophagus (CLE), dysplasia, and eventually to EAC. We established a rat surgical EAC model with esophagogastroduodenal anastomosis (EGDA) to mimic the staged process of esophageal adenocarcinogenesis. Profiling of the AA metabolites with(More)
Dietary polyphenolic compounds have been reported to have many interesting biological activities, including the induction of epigenetic changes and cancer prevention. In searching for the mechanisms of the anti-cancer action of (–)–epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), the major polyphenolic compound in green tea, we observed the inhibition of(More)
To elucidate the molecular basis for differential susceptibilities to mammary carcinogenesis, we compared the transcriptomes of normal mammary glands from pubescent female rats of the resistant Copenhagen (Cop) strain with those of the susceptible Fischer 344 (F344), August x Copenhagen Irish (ACI), Buffalo/N (Buf/N), Wistar-Furth (WF) strains and F1 (Cop x(More)
We previously reported that dietary methylselenocysteine (MSC) inhibits N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (NMU)-induced mammary tumorigenesis by resetting circadian gene expression disrupted by the carcinogen at the early stage of tumorigenesis. To investigate the underlying mechanism, we developed a circadian reporter system comprised of human mammary epithelial(More)
Exposure to World Trade Center (WTC) dust has been linked to respiratory disease in humans. In the present studies we developed a rodent model of WTC dust exposure to analyze lung oxidative stress and inflammation, with the goal of elucidating potential epigenetic mechanisms underlying these responses. Exposure of mice to WTC dust (20μg, i.t.) was(More)
The circadian rhythm is a fundamental physiological process present in all organisms that regulates biological processes ranging from gene expression to sleep behavior. In vertebrates, circadian rhythm is controlled by a molecular oscillator that functions in both the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN; central pacemaker) and individual cells comprising most(More)
We previously demonstrated that chemopreventive methylselenocysteine (MSC) prevents N-Nitroso-N-methylurea (NMU)-induced mammary carcinogenesis in the susceptible Fischer 344 (F344) rats by enhancing NAD+-dependent SIRT1 activity, restoring circadian expression of Period 2 (Per2) and circadian controlled genes. Here, we show that compared to the genetically(More)