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The role of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) in cell differentiation, cell-cycle arrest, and apoptosis has attracted increasing attention. We have recently demonstrated that PPARgamma ligands-troglitazone (TGZ) induced apoptosis in lung cancer cells. In this report, we further studied the role of ERK1/2 in lung cancer cells(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma) is a member of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily of ligand-activated transcription factors and a crucial regulator of cellular differentiation. PPAR-gamma ligands have been demonstrated to inhibit growth of several cancer cells. In this study, two human lung cancer cells (NCI-H23 and(More)
Postaxial polydactyly is characterised by fifth digit duplications in hands and/or feet. Two phenotypic varieties have been described. In type A, the extra digit is well formed and articulates with the fifth or an extra metacarpal. A rudimentary extra fifth digit characterises type B. Mutations in the GLI3 gene are associated with postaxial polydactyly in(More)
Lab scale and single stage high solid anaerobic digestion of sewage sludge spiked with freshly synthesized nanoscale zero valent iron (nZVI) and commercial iron powder (IP) under mesophilic condition (37±1°C) was performed. The effects of both additives on methane yield, and pharmaceutical and personal care product (PPCP) removal were investigated. Results(More)
The occurrence and fate of 48 pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) in three wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) located in different urbanization areas in Xiamen, China was investigated over one year. Results showed that PPCPs were widely detected, but the major PPCPs in the influent, effluent, and sludge were different. Spatial and seasonal(More)
The occurrence and fate of 50 pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) were investigated in the surface water of Jiulong River estuary in the southeast of China in spring, wet season, summer, autumn and winter. Results demonstrated a wide distribution of PPCPs in Jiulong River estuary, where 34 PPCPs were detected at least once and 5 PPCPs were(More)
BACKGROUND Cryptococcal meningoencephalitis (CM) is the most common opportunistic infection of the central nervous system (CNS). Despite this observation, there have only been a few studies analyzing clinical characteristics as well as cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), electroencephalograph (EEG), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features in CM patients of all(More)
The role of thromboxane in lung carcinogenesis is not clearly known, though thromboxane B2 (TXB(2)) level is increased and antagonists of thromboxane receptors or TXA2 can induce apoptosis of lung cancer cells. p27, an atypical tumor suppressor, is normally sequestered in the nucleus. The increased nuclear p27 may result in apoptosis of tumor cells. We(More)
We present a time-saving strategy for acquiring 3D magic angle spinning NMR spectra for chemical shift assignments in proteins and protein assemblies in the solid state. By simultaneous application of nonuniform sampling (NUS) and paramagnetic-relaxation-assisted condensed data collection (PACC), we can attain 16-fold time reduction in the 3D experiments(More)
BACKGROUND Cigarette smoking is well known to play an important role in the development of lung cancer. Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) can either promote or inhibit cell proliferation and growth, which makes its role in the development of malignant tumors controversial. The relation between cigarette smoking and iNOS in human lung cancer is unknown.(More)