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Cellular growth and proliferation are coordinated during organogenesis. Misregulation of these processes leads to pathological conditions such as cancer. Tuberous sclerosis (TSC) is a benign tumour syndrome caused by mutations in either TSC1 or TSC2 tumour suppressor genes. Studies in Drosophila and other organisms have identified TSC signalling as a(More)
An important aspect of synapse development is the clustering of neurotransmitter receptors in the postsynaptic membrane. Although MuSK is required for acetylcholine receptor (AChR) clustering at the neuromuscular junction (NMJ), the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unclear. We report here that in muscle cells, MuSK interacts with Dishevelled (Dvl), a(More)
CONTEXT Recent clinical trials have demonstrated a decrease in multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) and mortality in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) treated with a protective ventilatory strategy. OBJECTIVE To examine the hypothesis that an injurious ventilatory strategy may lead to end-organ epithelial cell apoptosis and(More)
Ischemia-reperfusion-induced lung injury is characterized by nonspecific alveolar damage, lung edema, and hypoxemia occurring within 72 hours after lung transplantation. The most severe form may lead to primary graft failure and remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality after lung transplantation. Over the past decade, better understanding of(More)
To the Editor: CRISPR-Cas systems have been developed as an efficient gene editing technology in cells and model organisms. Here we use a CRISPR-Cas system to induce genomic DNA fragment deletion in mice by coinjecting two single-guide RNAs (sgRNAs) targeting the Uhrf2 locus with Cas9 mRNA. Furthermore, we report the generation of a Mc3R and Mc4R(More)
Efficient chemotaxis requires directional sensing and cell polarization. We describe a signaling mechanism involving G beta gamma, PAK-associated guanine nucleotide exchange factor (PIX alpha), Cdc42, and p21-activated kinase (PAK) 1. This pathway is utilized by chemoattractants to regulate directional sensing and directional migration of myeloid cells. Our(More)
Ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in intensive care units. The stress-inducible gene product, heme oxygenase-1, and carbon monoxide (CO), a major by-product of heme oxygenase catalysis of heme, have been shown to confer potent antiinflammatory effects in models of tissue and cellular injury. In this study, we(More)
The lung is a unique organ in that it is exposed to physical forces derived from breathing, blood flow, and surface tension throughout life. Over the past decade, significant progress has been made at the cellular and molecular levels regarding the mechanisms by which physical forces affect lung morphogenesis, function, and metabolism. With the use of newly(More)
Anacardic acid (6-pentadecylsalicylic acid) is derived from traditional medicinal plants, such as cashew nuts, and has been linked to anticancer, anti-inflammatory, and radiosensitization activities through a mechanism that is not yet fully understood. Because of the role of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation in these cellular responses, we(More)
BACKGROUND The inhibition of cellular metabolism induced by hypothermia obviates the possibility of substantial reparative processes occurring during organ preservation. The aim of this study was to develop a technique of extended (12-hour) ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) at normothermia for assessment and protective maintenance of the donor lung. METHODS(More)