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5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) is implicated in migraine and agonist directed against 5-HT(1B) and 5-HT(1D) receptors are commonly used as effective therapies. The antimigraine mechanisms involve the inhibition of intracranial sensory neuropeptide release. In order to determine which 5-HT(1) receptor subtypes are involved we have by immunocytochemistry examined(More)
Nociceptin is a peptide transmitter belonging to the opioid family. Nociceptin has recently attracted considerable interest since it appears to exhibit a number of differences to the other opioids. In the present study, we used a nociceptin antibody to map the distribution of nociceptin in the human trigeminal ganglion. In addition, we studied the(More)
The cloned capsaicin receptor, also known as vanilloid receptor subtype 1 (VR1) receptor, has been demonstrated to be an integral membrane protein with homology to a family of putative store-operated calcium channels. The VR1 receptor is activated not only by capsaicin but also by noxious heat and protons, and therefore it is suggested as a molecular(More)
In migraine and other primary headaches there is a strong vascular component. Besides the trigeminovascular components some of the associated symptoms point to the involvement of brain stem regions. The central limb of the trigeminal vascular pathway is its projection to the trigeminal nucleus caudalis (TNC) and to the C1-C2 levels of the spinal cord. The(More)
BACKGROUND Extracellular nucleotides play an important role in the regulation of vascular tone and may be involved in cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoidal haemorrhage. This study was designed to characterise the contractile P2 receptors in endothelium-denuded human cerebral and omental arteries. The isometric tension of isolated vessel segments was(More)
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