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5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) is implicated in migraine and agonist directed against 5-HT(1B) and 5-HT(1D) receptors are commonly used as effective therapies. The antimigraine mechanisms involve the inhibition of intracranial sensory neuropeptide release. In order to determine which 5-HT(1) receptor subtypes are involved we have by immunocytochemistry examined(More)
Mitogenic effects of the extracellular nucleotides ATP and UTP are mediated by P2Y(1), P2Y(2), and P2Y(4) receptors. However, it has not been possible to examine the highly expressed UDP-sensitive P2Y(6) receptor because of the lack of stable, selective agonists. In rat aorta smooth muscle cells (vascular smooth muscle cells; VSMC), UDP and UTP stimulated(More)
BACKGROUND Extracellular nucleotides play an important role in the regulation of vascular tone and may be involved in cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoidal haemorrhage. This study was designed to characterise the contractile P2 receptors in endothelium-denuded human cerebral and omental arteries. The isometric tension of isolated vessel segments was(More)
We wanted to study the expression of P2-receptors at the mRNA-level in the heart and if it is affected by congestive heart failure (CHF). To quantify the P2 receptor mRNA-expression we used a competitive RT-PCR protocol which is based on an internal RNA standard. The P2 receptor mRNA-expression was quantified in hearts from CHF rats and compared to(More)
The cloned capsaicin receptor, also known as vanilloid receptor subtype 1 (VR1) receptor, has been demonstrated to be an integral membrane protein with homology to a family of putative store-operated calcium channels. The VR1 receptor is activated not only by capsaicin but also by noxious heat and protons, and therefore it is suggested as a molecular(More)
Studies using selective agonists have suggested that the contractile effect of extracellular nucleotides, such as ATP and UTP, in blood vessels is mediated mainly by P2X1 receptors with a smaller contribution of P2Y receptors while the mitogenic effect is mediated by P2Y (P2Y1, P2Y2, P2Y4, and P2Y6) receptors with no effect of P2X1 receptors. This indicates(More)
P2Y(2) receptors, which mediate contractile and mitogenic effects of extracellular nucleotides in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), are upregulated in the synthetic phenotype of VSMCs and in the neointima after balloon angioplasty, suggesting a role in the development of atherosclerosis. Because released cytokines in atherosclerotic lesions mediate(More)
Nociceptin is a peptide transmitter belonging to the opioid family. Nociceptin has recently attracted considerable interest since it appears to exhibit a number of differences to the other opioids. In the present study, we used a nociceptin antibody to map the distribution of nociceptin in the human trigeminal ganglion. In addition, we studied the(More)
The ATP- and UTP-sensitive P2Y2 receptor which mediates both contractile and mitogenic effects has recently been shown to be upregulated in the synthetic phenotype of the vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC). Using a competitive RT-PCR we demonstrate that the P2Y2 receptor mRNA is increased by fetal calf serum and other growth factors in a MAPKK-dependent(More)
In migraine and other primary headaches there is a strong vascular component. Besides the trigeminovascular components some of the associated symptoms point to the involvement of brain stem regions. The central limb of the trigeminal vascular pathway is its projection to the trigeminal nucleus caudalis (TNC) and to the C1-C2 levels of the spinal cord. The(More)