Mingxiang Liao

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In vivo enzyme levels are governed by the rates of de novo enzyme synthesis and degradation. A current lack of consensus on values of the in vivo turnover half-lives of human cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes places a significant limitation on the accurate prediction of changes in drug concentration-time profiles associated with interactions involving enzyme(More)
Tandutinib is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor under investigation for the treatment of solid and hematological tumors. We evaluated efflux transporter substrate specificity of tandutinib in Caco-2 cells, and the role of efflux transporters in the disposition of tandutinib in rats and efflux transporter knock-out mice. These studies demonstrated that tandutinib(More)
Interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) subtypes were separated by HPLC from the IFN mixtures produced by virus-stimulated human lymphoblastoid cells and leukocytes. Together with preparations of lymphoblastoid IFN and recombinant IFN-beta, these were tested in three human tumor cell lines derived from liver, lung, and neuroblasts. Their relative antiviral activities(More)
The complete denaturation and subsequent renaturation and reconstitution of a polytopic integral membrane protein are demonstrated. Delipidated bacteriorhodopsin (Huang, K.-S., Bayley, H., and Khorana, H. G. (1980) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 77, 323-327) is completely denatured when transferred into 88% formic acid or anhydrous trifluoroacetic acid as(More)
Tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenase (TDO), a liver-specific cytosolic hemoprotein, is the rate-limiting enzyme in L-tryptophan catabolism and thus a key serotonergic determinant. Glucocorticoids transcriptionally activate the TDO gene with marked enzyme induction. TDO is also regulated by heme, its prosthetic moiety, as its expression and function are significantly(More)
Treatment of the purple membrane with carboxypeptidase A, Pronase, or papain, results in the cleavage of amino acids from the carboxyl terminus of bacteriorhodopsin, a maximum of about 17 amino acids being released with papain. Protease-treated bacteriorhodopsin, after denaturation, refolds to the native structure, binds retinal as tightly as the intact(More)
The retinal chromophore of bacteriorhodopsin is attached as a Schiff's base with the epsilon-amino group of a lysine residue. The site of attachment has now been investigated by the use of resonance Raman spectroscopy which has previously been shown to be sensitive to 15N isotope substitution at the Schiff's base. Bacteriorhodopsin samples obtained from(More)
Human peripheral blood leukocytes (hPBL) are a rich source of natural leukocyte interferon (IFN-alpha) when treated with Sendai virus. Sendai virus treatment of hPBL will also result in significant production of several chemokines and cytokines such as macrophage inflammatory protein-1alpha (MIP-1alpha), MIP-1beta, RANTES, tumor necrosis factor-alpha(More)
Homologous internal controls were used as competitor DNA in the polymerase chain reaction for the quantitative detection of mycoplasma DNA. PCR primer sets were designed on the basis of the most conserved nucleotide sequences of the 16S rRNA gene of mycoplasma species. Amplification of this gene was examined in five different mycoplasma species: Mycoplasma(More)