Learn More
In vivo enzyme levels are governed by the rates of de novo enzyme synthesis and degradation. A current lack of consensus on values of the in vivo turnover half-lives of human cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes places a significant limitation on the accurate prediction of changes in drug concentration-time profiles associated with interactions involving enzyme(More)
Carbamazepine (CBZ) is a widely prescribed anticonvulsant whose use is often associated with idiosyncratic hypersensitivity. Sera of CBZ-hypersensitive patients often contain anti-CYP3A antibodies, including those to a CYP3A23 K-helix peptide that is also modified during peroxidative CYP3A4 heme-fragmentation. We explored the possibility that cytochromes(More)
The monotopic, endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-anchored cytochromes P450 (P450s) undergo variable proteolytic turnover. CYP3A4, the dominant human liver drug-metabolizing enzyme, is degraded via a ubiquitin (Ub)-dependent 26S proteasomal pathway after heterologous expression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. This turnover involves the Ub-conjugating enzyme Ubc7p and(More)
Cytochromes P450 (P450s) incur phosphorylation. Although the precise role of this post-translational modification is unclear, marking P450s for degradation is plausible. Indeed, we have found that after structural inactivation, CYP3A4, the major human liver P450, and its rat orthologs are phosphorylated during their ubiquitin-dependent proteasomal(More)
Human liver CYP2E1 is a monotopic, endoplasmic reticulum-anchored cytochrome P450 responsible for the biotransformation of clinically relevant drugs, low molecular weight xenobiotics, carcinogens, and endogenous ketones. CYP2E1 substrate complexation converts it into a stable slow-turnover species degraded largely via autophagic lysosomal degradation.(More)
Tandutinib is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor under investigation for the treatment of solid and hematological tumors. We evaluated efflux transporter substrate specificity of tandutinib in Caco-2 cells, and the role of efflux transporters in the disposition of tandutinib in rats and efflux transporter knock-out mice. These studies demonstrated that tandutinib(More)
Mammalian hepatic cytochromes P450 (P450s) are endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-anchored hemoproteins with highly variable half-lives. CYP3A4, the dominant human liver drug-metabolizing enzyme, and its rat liver orthologs undergo ubiquitin (Ub)-dependent 26S proteasomal degradation after suicide inactivation or after heterologous expression in Saccharomyces(More)
Tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenase (TDO), a liver-specific cytosolic hemoprotein, is the rate-limiting enzyme in L-tryptophan catabolism and thus a key serotonergic determinant. Glucocorticoids transcriptionally activate the TDO gene with marked enzyme induction. TDO is also regulated by heme, its prosthetic moiety, as its expression and function are significantly(More)
The CYP3A subfamily of hepatic cytochromes P450, being engaged in the metabolism and clearance of >50% of clinically relevant drugs, can significantly influence therapeutics and drug-drug interactions. Our characterization of CYP3A degradation has indicated that CYPs 3A incur ubiquitin-dependent proteasomal degradation (UPD) in an endoplasmic reticulum(More)
Organic anion-transporting polypeptides (OATPs), members of the SLCO/SLC21 family, mediate the transport of various endo- and xenobiotics. In human liver, OATP1B1, 1B3, and 2B1 are located at the basolateral membrane of hepatocytes and are involved in hepatic drug uptake and biliary elimination. Clinically significant drug-drug interactions (DDIs) mediated(More)