Mingxia Huang

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We have identified the yeast CRT1 gene as an effector of the DNA damage and replication checkpoint pathway. CRT1 encodes a DNA-binding protein that recruits the general repressors Ssn6 and Tup1 to the promoters of damage-inducible genes. Derepression of the Crt1 regulon suppresses the lethality of mec1 and rad53 null alleles and is essential for cell(More)
We report here the transcriptional profiling of the cell cycle on a genome-wide scale in human fibroblasts. We identified approximately 700 genes that display transcriptional fluctuation with a periodicity consistent with that of the cell cycle. Systematic analysis of these genes revealed functional organization within groups of coregulated transcripts. A(More)
The fidelity of DNA replication and repair processes is critical for maintenance of genomic stability. Ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) catalyzes the rate-limiting step in dNTP production and thus plays an essential role in DNA synthesis. The level and activity of RNR are highly regulated by the cell cycle and DNA damage checkpoints, which maintain optimal(More)
Fidelity in DNA replication and repair requires adequate and balanced deoxyribonucleotide pools that are maintained primarily by regulation of ribonucleotide reductase (RNR). RNR is controlled via transcription, protein inhibitor association, and subcellular localization of its two subunits, R1 and R2. Saccharomyces cerevisiae Sml1 binds R1 and inhibits its(More)
Ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) is an essential enzyme required for DNA synthesis and repair. Although iron is necessary for class Ia RNR activity, little is known about the mechanisms that control RNR in response to iron deficiency. In this work, we demonstrate that yeast cells control RNR function during iron deficiency by redistributing the Rnr2-Rnr4(More)
The class I ribonucleotide reductases (RNRs) are composed of two homodimeric subunits: R1 and R2. R2 houses a diferric-tyrosyl radical (Y*) cofactor. Saccharomyces cerevisiae has two R2s: Y2 (beta2) and Y4 (beta'2). Y4 is an unusual R2 because three residues required for iron binding have been mutated. While the heterodimer (betabeta') is thought to be the(More)
Ribonucleotide reductases (RRs) catalyze the rate-limiting step of de novo deoxynucleotide (dNTP) synthesis. Eukaryotic RRs consist of two proteins, RR1 (α) that contains the catalytic site and RR2 (β) that houses a diferric-tyrosyl radical essential for ribonucleoside diphosphate reduction. Biochemical analysis has been combined with isothermal titration(More)
The class I ribonucleotide reductases catalyze the conversion of nucleotides to deoxynucleotides and are composed of two subunits: R1 and R2. R1 contains the site for nucleotide reduction and the sites that control substrate specificity and the rate of reduction. R2 houses the essential diferric-tyrosyl radical (Y(*)) cofactor. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae,(More)
Iron is an essential micronutrient for all eukaryotic organisms because it participates as a redox-active cofactor in many biological processes, including DNA replication and repair. Eukaryotic ribonucleotide reductases (RNRs) are Fe-dependent enzymes that catalyze deoxyribonucleoside diphosphate (dNDP) synthesis. We show here that the levels of the Sml1(More)
Ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) catalyzes the rate-limiting step in de novo deoxyribonucleotide biosynthesis and is essential in DNA replication and repair. Cells have evolved complex mechanisms to modulate RNR activity during normal cell cycle progression and in response to genotoxic stress. A recently characterized mode of RNR regulation is DNA(More)