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As an alternative to antibodies, aptamers have a great potential as analytical tools for pesticide detection. In this work, aptamers targeting acetamiprid were selected by a specific systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment (SELEX) strategy, where a single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) library was immobilized and target modification was eliminated.(More)
Oat β-glucan was purified from oat bran and its effects on running performance and related biochemical parameters were investigated. Four-week-old male Sparsgue-Dawley rats, fed with/without oat β-glucan (312.5 mg kg(-1) d(-1)) for 7 weeks, were subjected to run on a treadmill system to make them exhausted. All rats were immediately sacrificed after(More)
UNLABELLED Osmoregulated periplasmic glucans (OPGs) of food- and water-borne enteropathogen Shigella flexneri were characterized. OPGs were composed of 100% glucose with 2-linked glucose as the most abundant residue with terminal glucose, 2-linked and 2,6-linked glucose also present in high quantities. Most dominant backbone polymer chain length was seven(More)
Polyphenols are the predominant ingredients in apple seeds. However, few data are available on the phenolic profile or antioxidant activity in apple seeds in previous researches. In this study, low-molecular-weight phenolic compounds and antioxidant activity in seeds, peels, and flesh of seven apple cultivars grown in northwest China were measured and(More)
BACKGROUND Synthetic antioxidants and antimicrobials are losing ground to their natural counterparts and therefore, the food industry has motivated to seek other natural alternatives. Apple pomace, a by-product in the processing of apples, is rich in polyphenols, and plant polyphenols have been used as food additives owing to their strong antioxidant and(More)
Here we presented a simple, rapid and label-free surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) based mapping method for the detection and discrimination of Salmonella enterica and Escherichia coli on silver dendrites. The sample preparation was first optimized to maximize sensitivity. The mapping method was then used to scan through the bacterial cells(More)
The accumulation of selenium (Se) by Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus (Lb) and Streptococcus thermophilus (St) at the different cultivation conditions, including initial pH, inoculum dose (%), and temperature (°C), was investigated in this work. Se enrichment efficiency was optimized using the Design-Expert software for response surface methodology(More)
Oenococcus oeni (O. oeni) strains are critically important for winemaking. They bring microbial stabilization, de-acidification and sensory improvement through malolactic fermentation (MLF) to almost all red wines and some white wines. In this study, 23 strains of O. oeni isolated from China were evaluated for use as MLF starter cultures. Strains were(More)
The effects of stress shocks on the freeze-drying viability, malolactic activity and membrane fatty acid composition of the Oenococcus oeni SD-2a cells were studied. O. oeni SD-2a cells after 2 h of stress exposure exhibited better freeze-drying viability and malolactic fermentation ability. A decrease in unsaturated fatty acids/saturated fatty acids(More)
A novel method was developed to rapidly concentrate, detect, and differentiate bacteria in skimmed milk using surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) mapping on 4-mercaptophenylboronic acid (4-MPBA) functionalized silver (Ag) dendrites. The 4-MPBA functionalized Ag dendritic SERS substrate was used to capture the bacterial cells and enhance the bacterial(More)