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The innate immune response plays a critical role in the host defense against invading pathogens, and TLR2, a member of the Toll-like receptor (TLR) family, has been implicated in the immune response and initiation of inflammatory cytokine secretion against several human viruses. Previous studies have demonstrated that infectious and ultraviolet-inactivated(More)
A comparative analysis of the codon usage bias in the newly discovered dUTPase gene (Assigned Accession No.: DQ486149) of the duck enteritis virus (DEV) and the dUTPase gene of 32 reference herpesviruses was performed. The results indicated that the DEV dUT-Pase gene encodes a protein of 477 amino acids, which includes five conserved motifs with a 3–1–2–4–5(More)
—The Duck Plague Virus (DPV) gE gene was identified by constructing the DPV genomic library, and we analyzed the codon usage of DPV gE gene by using CAI, CHIPS and CUSP program of EMBOSS. The results showed that codon usage bias in the DPV gE gene was strong bias towards the synonymous codons with A and T at the third codon position. The amino acids codon(More)
The pseudorabies virus (PRV) UL31 protein (pUL31) is a homologue of the herpes simplex virus 1 pUL31, which is a multifunctional protein that is important for HSV-1 infection. However, little is known concerning the subcellular localization signal of PRV UL31. Here, by transfection with a series of PRV UL31 deletion mutants fused to an enhanced yellow(More)
The herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) portal protein UL6 is important for HSV-1 replication, however, its precise functions in the virus life cycle are poorly understood. As we known, a relatively important tool for disclosing these functions is the antiserum specifically detecting UL6 in the HSV-1-infected cell. To this end, a recombinant protein consisting(More)
Herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) ICP22 is a multifunctional protein and important for HSV-1 replication. Pseudorabies virus (PRV) ICP22 (P-ICP22) is a homologue of HSV-1 ICP22 and is reported to be able to selectively modify the transcription of different kinetic classes of PRV genes, however, the subcellular localization, localization signal and molecular(More)
Human cytomegalovirus UL79 protein is recently reported to be required for transcription or efficient accumulation of late viral mRNAs during viral infection. An absolute nuclear distribution of UL79 proteins has been observed with immunofluorescence assay, both during the infection of Flag-tagged UL79 recombinant virus and in the HFFs expressing HA-tagged(More)
In the present study, we examined the codon usage bias between pseudorabies virus (PRV) US1 gene and the US1-like genes of 20 reference alphaherpesviruses. Comparative analysis showed noticeable disparities of the synonymous codon usage bias in the 21 alphaherpesviruses, indicated by codon adaptation index, effective number of codons (ENc) and GC3s value.(More)
Varicella-zoster virus open reading frame 10 (ORF10), a tegument protein present in the virion, is a member of the alphaherpesvirus UL48 gene family that shares considerable amino acid sequence homology with the UL48 prototype, herpes simplex virus type 1 VP16. VP16 serves multiple functions, including transcriptional activation of viral immediate-early(More)
The herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) UL31 protein is a multifunctional nucleoprotein that is important for viral infection; however, little is known concerning its subcellular localization signal. Here, by transfection with a series of HSV-1 UL31 deletion mutants fused to enhanced yellow fluorescent protein (EYFP), a bipartite nuclear localization signal(More)