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The most prevalent disease-causing mutation of CFTR is the deletion of Phe508 (ΔF508), which leads to defects in conventional Golgi-mediated exocytosis and cell surface expression. We report that ΔF508-CFTR surface expression can be rescued in vitro and in vivo by directing it to an unconventional GRASP-dependent secretion pathway. An integrated molecular(More)
We examined whether the mGluR1 and mGluR5 were involved in development and maintenance of behavioral signs of non-evoked pain and secondary mechanical hyperalgesia induced by knee joint inflammation. Selective mGluR1 antagonist, (RS)-1-aminoindan-1,5-dicarboxylic acid (AIDA: 50, 100, 200 microM/25 microl, n=10 per group) and selective mGluR5 antagonist,(More)
RATIONALE Nociceptin/orphanin FQ has been reported to inhibit capsaicin- and mechanically provoked cough in animal models, but the mechanism of this effect has not been elucidated. OBJECTIVES The objectives of this study were to determine whether nociceptin inhibits acid-evoked cough in conscious animals and to evaluate the mechanism of this effect. (More)
We tested the hypothesis that an ionic current carried by chloride ions contributes to bradykinin (BK)-induced membrane depolarization and activation of vagal afferent C-fibres. In an ex vivo innervated trachea/bronchus preparation, BK (1 microM) consistently produced action potential discharge in vagal afferent C-fibres with receptive fields in the trachea(More)
We addressed the hypothesis that single vagal afferent C-fibres can be stimulated via either the adenosine A1 or A2A receptor subtypes. The effect of adenosine on the nerve terminals of vagal sensory nerve subtypes was evaluated in an ex vivo perfused guinea pig lung preparation using extracellular recording techniques. Adenosine (10 microm) consistently(More)
5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT, serotonin) evokes pulmonary reflexes partially by activating vagal bronchopulmonary C-fibers. In the guinea pig, vagal bronchopulmonary C-fibers arise from cell bodies situated in the nodose and the jugular ganglia. The nodose and the jugular C-fibers differ both pharmacologically and neurochemically, and may subserve different(More)
Certain fatty acid amides such as anandamide (AEA) and olvanil are agonists for the transient receptor potential, vanilloid-1 (TRPV1) receptor, but have been found to activate TRPV1-containing C-fibers in some tissues but not others. We used extracellular recording and whole-cell patch clamp techniques to investigate the effect of olvanil and AEA on(More)
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait, and the mutations in cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene contributes to the CF syndrome. Although CF is common in Caucasians, it is known to be rare in Asians. Recently, we experienced two cases of CF in Korean children. The patients were girls with chronic(More)
CD81 is a transmembrane protein that serves as a putative receptor for hepatitis C virus. In addition, CD81 has been suggested to be involved in a broad range of other cellular functions. Its putative implication in tumorigenesis has so far, however, remained largely unexplored. To assess the candidacy of CD81 as a tumor suppressor in gastric cancer(More)
BACKGROUND NORE1 (RASSF5) is a newly described member of the RASSF family with Ras effector function. NORE1 expression is frequently inactivated by aberrant promoter hypermethylation in many human cancers, suggesting that NORE1 might be a putative tumor suppressor. However, expression and mutation status of NORE1 and its implication in colorectal(More)