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Recent studies show that AMPA receptor (-R) trafficking is important in synaptic plasticity. However, the signaling controlling this trafficking is poorly understood. Small GTPases have diverse neuronal functions and their perturbation is responsible for several mental disorders. Here, we examine the small GTPases Ras and Rap in the postsynaptic signaling(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a serious insult that frequently leads to neurological dysfunction or death. Silent information regulator family protein 1 (SIRT1), as the founding member of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD)-dependent deacetylases, has recently been demonstrated to have neuroprotective effect in several models of neurodegenerative(More)
Recent data suggest that beta-adrenergic receptor subtypes couple differentially to signaling pathways regulating cardiac function vs. cardiac remodeling. To dissect the roles of beta1- vs. beta2-receptors in the pathogenesis of cardiomyopathy, doxorubicin was administered to beta1, beta2, and beta1/beta2 knockout (-/-) and wild-type mice. Expression and(More)
Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) is characterized by the presence of the chimeric p210bcr/abl oncoprotein that shows elevated and constitutive protein tyrosine kinase activity relative to the normal c-abl tyrosine kinase. Although several p210bcr/abl substrates have been identified, their relevance in the pathogenesis of the disease is unclear. We have(More)
Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction is a common long-term complication in patients after the repair of congenital heart disease. Previous investigators have examined the cellular and molecular mechanisms of left ventricular (LV) remodeling, but little is known about the stressed RV. Our purpose was to provide a detailed physiological characterization of a(More)
The elucidation of factors that activate the regeneration of the adult mammalian heart is of major scientific and therapeutic importance. Here we found that epicardial cells contain a potent cardiogenic activity identified as follistatin-like 1 (Fstl1). Epicardial Fstl1 declines following myocardial infarction and is replaced by myocardial expression.(More)
A major pathway by which growth factors, such as platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), regulate cell proliferation is via the receptor tyrosine kinase/Ras/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling cascade. The output of this pathway is subjected to tight regulation of both positive and negative regulators. One such regulator is p62(dok), the(More)
Accurate quantification of transcript profiling with quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) relies on the reliable normalization of an appropriate reference gene. This study reported the identification and validation of nine reference genes, including β-tubulin (β-TUB), elongation factor 1 alpha (EF-1α), elongation factor 1 beta (EF-1β),(More)
The preproghrelin (GHRL) Leu72Met polymorphism (rs 696217) is associated with obesity, reduced glucose-induced insulin secretion in healthy or diabetic subjects, and reduced serum creatinine (Scr) levels in type 2 diabetes. We evaluated the association of the Leu72Met polymorphism with measures of insulin sensitivity in non-diabetic control individuals and(More)
Encryption is an important technique to give data security against unauthorized access. As a new research direction of cryptography, chaotic encryption has a series of good characteristics such as sensitive to initial value, pseudo-random properties, and ergodicity and so on. However, the traditional low-dimensional chaotic system has been widely analyzed,(More)