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The shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei is arguably the most important aquacultured crustacean, being the subject of a multi-billion dollar industry worldwide. To extend our knowledge of peptidergic control in this species, we conducted an investigation combining transcriptomics and mass spectrometry to identify its neuropeptides. Specifically, in silico searches(More)
Neuropeptides in the stomatogastric ganglion (STG) and the brain of adult and late embryonic Homarus americanus were compared using a multi-faceted mass spectral strategy. Overall, 29 neuropeptides from 10 families were identified in the brain and/or the STG of the lobster. Many of these neuropeptides are reported for the first time in the embryonic(More)
The crustacean stomatogastric ganglion (STG) is modulated by numerous neuropeptides that are released locally in the neuropil or that reach the STG as neurohormones. Using 1,5-diaminonaphthalene (DAN) as a reductive screening matrix for matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) mass spectrometric profiling of disulfide bond-containing C-type(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD) represent a continuum of devastating neurodegenerative diseases, characterized by transactive response DNA-binding protein of 43 kDa (TDP-43) aggregates accumulation throughout the nervous system. Despite rapidly emerging evidence suggesting the hypothesis of 'prion-like propagation' of(More)
OBJECTIVES Parkinson's disease (PD) is the most common neurodegenerative disease in humans, and an abundance of evidence has implicated apoptosis signaling pathways in the neurodegeneration of PD. The purpose of this study was to assess the role of B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2)-associated athanogene 5 (BAG5) protein, which was previously confirmed to play an(More)
Numb has been shown to play diverse roles in the central nervous system of adult mammals, and accumulating evidence indicates a role for Numb in apoptosis. In this study, we characterize the role of Numb in ischemia-induced apoptosis, and investigate the underlying pathway involved in this process. In vivo, exposure of pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells to(More)
Bestrophin 3 (Best-3) is expressed in a variety of tissues, such as cardiac, smooth muscle and renal tissues, and it is highly expressed in rat basilar arterial smooth muscle cells (BASMCs). Lee et al. (Biochim Biophys Acta 1823:1864–1876, 2012) reported that Best-3 prevented apoptotic cell death induced by endoplasmic reticulum stress. In the present(More)
Here we describe the development of a water-responsive polymer film. Combining both a rigid matrix (polypyrrole) and a dynamic network (polyol-borate), strong and flexible polymer films were developed that can exchange water with the environment to induce film expansion and contraction, resulting in rapid and continuous locomotion. The film actuator can(More)