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In recent years, genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have identified many novel susceptible genes/loci for Alzheimer’s disease (AD). However, most of these studies were conducted in European and populations of European origin, and limited studies have been performed in Han Chinese. In this study, we genotyped 14 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in(More)
Striatal dopamine (DA) release can be independently triggered not only by action potentials (APs) in dopaminergic axons but also APs in cholinergic interneurons (ChIs). Nicotine causes addiction by modulating DA release, but with paradoxical findings. Here, we investigate how physiologically relevant levels of nicotine modulate striatal DA release. The(More)
Adenoviral vectors are widely used for cancer therapy and show a tumor-suppressing effect. However, bladder cancers are found to be resistant against infection of Ad5-derived adenoviral vector, limiting the application of the existing strategy of gene therapy. Therefore, efforts to develop novel types of adenoviral vector aimed for improving the viral(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors sought to explore whether anatomical and functional brain deficits are present in similar or different brain regions early in the course of schizophrenia, before antipsychotic treatment, and whether these deficits are more severe or otherwise different in patients with prominent negative symptoms. METHOD A total of 100 drug-naive(More)
White matter abnormalities have been repeatedly reported in both schizophrenia and bipolar disorder (BD) in diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) studies, but the empirical evidence about the diagnostic specificity of white matter abnormalities in these disorders is still limited. This study sought to investigate the alterations in fractional anisotropy (FA) in(More)
BACKGROUND Wernicke's concept of 'sejunction' or aberrant associations among specialized brain regions is one of the earliest hypotheses attempting to explain the myriad of symptoms in psychotic disorders. Unbiased data mining of all possible brain-wide connections in large data sets is an essential first step in localizing these aberrant circuits. (More)
A number of previous studies have found that bipolar disorder is associated with abnormalities of brain structure. In this study we used optimized voxel-based morphometry (VBM) to compare gray matter volume between patients with bipolar I disorder and healthy controls. Twenty-four bipolar I patients (15 males and nine females) and 36 healthy controls (21(More)
The hypoxic environment imposes severe selective pressure on species living at high altitude. To understand the genetic bases of adaptation to high altitude in dogs, we performed whole-genome sequencing of 60 dogs including five breeds living at continuous altitudes along the Tibetan Plateau from 800 to 5100 m as well as one European breed. More than 150×(More)
Classical major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I, first identified in the immune system, is also expressed in the developing and adult central nervous system (CNS). Although the MHC class I molecules have been found to be expressed in the CNS of different species, a necessary step to elucidate the temporal and spatial expression patterns of MHC(More)
OBJECTIVES Structural abnormality of both gray and white matter has been detected in patients with bipolar disorder (BD). But results were greatly inconsistent across studies which were most likely attributed to heterogeneous populations as well as processing techniques. The present study aimed to investigate brain structural and microstructural alterations(More)