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Multimodal information processing has received considerable attention in recent years. The focus of existing research in this area has been predominantly on the use of fusion technology. In this paper, we suggest that cross-modal association can provide a new set of powerful solutions in this area. We investigate different cross-modal association methods(More)
Talking face detection is important for videoconferencing. However, the detection of the talking face is difficult because of the low resolution of the capturing devices, the informal style of communication and the background sounds. In this paper, we present a novel method for finding the talking face using latent semantic indexing approach. We tested our(More)
This paper proposes a new active learning approach, confidence-based active learning, for training a wide range of classifiers. This approach is based on identifying and annotating uncertain samples. The uncertainty value of each sample is measured by its conditional error. The approach takes advantage of current classifiers' probability preserving and(More)
We propose a new method that incorporates population re-sequencing data, distribution of reads, and strand bias in detecting low-level mutations. The method can accurately identify low-level mutations down to a level of 2.3%, with an average coverage of 500×, and with a false discovery rate of less than 1%. In addition, we also discuss other problems in(More)
Enriching target sequences in sequencing libraries via capture hybridization to bait/probes is an efficient means of leveraging the capabilities of next-generation sequencing for obtaining sequence data from target regions of interest. However, homologous sequences from non-target regions may also be enriched by such methods. Here we investigate the(More)
Although genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified many common variants associated with complex traits, low-frequency and rare variants have not been interrogated in a comprehensive manner. Imputation from dense reference panels, such as the 1000 Genomes Project (1000G), enables testing of ungenotyped variants for association. Here we present(More)
Comparisons of maternally-inherited mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and paternally-inherited non-recombining Y chromosome (NRY) variation have provided important insights into the impact of sex-biased processes (such as migration, residence pattern, and so on) on human genetic variation. However, such comparisons have been limited by the different molecular(More)
We describe the saliva microbiome diversity in Batwa Pygmies, a former hunter-gatherer group from Uganda, using next-generation sequencing of partial 16S rRNA sequences. Microbial community diversity in the Batwa is significantly higher than in agricultural groups from Sierra Leone and the Democratic Republic of Congo. We found 40 microbial genera in the(More)