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BACKGROUND Ascorbic acid (AsA) is a unique antioxidant as well as an enzyme cofactor. Although it has multiple roles in plants, it is unclear how its accumulation is controlled at the expression level, especially in sink tissues. Kiwifruit (Actinidia) is well-known for its high ascorbate content. Our objective was to determine whether AsA accumulates in the(More)
Both sorbitol and sucrose are imported into apple fruit from leaves. The metabolism of sorbitol and sucrose fuels fruit growth and development, and accumulation of sugars in fruit is central to the edible quality of apple. However, our understanding of the mechanisms controlling sugar metabolism and accumulation in apple remains quite limited. We identified(More)
Ascorbic acid (AsA), as a unique antioxidant and enzyme cofactor, has multiple roles in plants. However, there is very limited information on the mechanism of AsA accumulation and controlling in leaves. In this study, we determined AsA accumulation levels, analyzed expression patterns of the genes involved in synthesizing via l-galactose pathway and(More)
Acidity levels greatly affect the taste and flavor of fruit, and consequently its market value. In mature apple fruit, malic acid is the predominant organic acid. Several studies have confirmed that the major quantitative trait locus Ma largely controls the variation of fruit acidity levels. The Ma locus has recently been defined in a region of 150 kb that(More)
The shaded peel of 'Fortune' (a red cultivar) and 'Mutsu' (a yellow/green cultivar) apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) was exposed to full sun by turning fruit 180° at about one week before harvest to determine the expression of key genes involved in anthocyanin synthesis in response to sunlight exposure and their relationships with the levels of anthocyanins(More)
To further understand the regulatory mechanism of light on the formation of ascorbic acid (AsA) in the sink organs of plants, a systematical investigation on AsA levels, activities of two key biosynthsis enzymes and their mRNA expression as well as the recycling was performed in the fruits of apple (Malus domestica Borkh), under different levels of shade.(More)
Despite the relationship between melatonin and aging, the overall changes and regulation of proteome profiling by long-term melatonin exposure during leaf senescence is not well understood. In this study, leaf senescence in Malus hupehensis plants was delayed when exogenous melatonin was regularly applied to the roots for 2 months compared with natural leaf(More)
We investigated how different lighting conditions affected the levels of ascorbate (AsA), sugar contents, the mRNA expression of genes involved in AsA biosynthesis and recycling and enzyme activity in kiwi fruits. Shaded leaves had dramatically less AsA as well as altered transcript levels and enzyme activities. In contrast, fruits that had been covered(More)
We studied the physiological responses to abscisic acid (ABA) when 2-year-old potted plants of kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa) were grown under moisture stress. Leaves treated with 60 μM exogenous ABA through various means had less severe damage when water was limiting, and sprayed plants showed relatively greater drought resistance. This indicates that ABA(More)
Novel biodegradable amphiphilic copolymer nanoparticles based on gelatin, poly(lactide) and 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (DPPE) (gelatin-co-PLA-DPPE) have been successfully fabricated. In order to estimate the feasibility as drug carriers, an anti-tumor model drug doxorubicin hydrochloride salt (DOX) was incorporated into polymeric(More)