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Extracellular matrix remodeling occurs during ovarian follicular development, mediated by plasminogen activators (PAs) and PA inhibitors including protease nexin-1 (PN-1). In the present study we measured expression/activity of the PA system in bovine follicles at different stages of development by timed collection of ovaries during the first follicular(More)
Progranulin is a secreted high molecular weight growth factor bearing seven and one half copies of the cysteine-rich granulin-epithelin motif. While inappropriate over-expression of the progranulin gene has been associated with many cancers, haploinsufficiency leads to atrophy of the frontotemporal lobes and development of a form of dementia (frontotemporal(More)
During ovarian follicle growth, there is expansion of the basal lamina and changes in the follicular extracellular matrix (ECM) that are mediated in part by proteolytic enzyme cascades regulated by tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) and urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA). One PA inhibitor, serine protease inhibitor-E2 (SERPINE2) is expressed in(More)
Chemoresistance is a major hurdle in cancer treatment. Down-regulation of apoptosis pathways is one of the key determinants for chemoresistance. Here, we report higher gelsolin (GSN) levels in chemoresistant gynecological cancer cells compared with their sensitive counterparts. cis-Diammine dichloroplatinium (II) (CDDP)-induced GSN down-regulation is(More)
Progranulin is a secreted glycoprotein that regulates cell proliferation, migration and survival. It has roles in development, tumorigenesis, wound healing, neurodegeneration and inflammation. Endothelia in tumors, wounds and placenta express elevated levels of progranulin. In culture, progranulin activates endothelial proliferation and migration. This(More)
Embryo implantation in the mink is preceded by a variable but obligate period of delay in development. Under the influence of progesterone and unknown luteal factors, the mink embryo implants 11-13 days following its exit from diapause. Recent work suggests that progranulin, a growth factor and secreted glycoprotein, is involved in trophoblast(More)
BACKGROUND Ovarian follicle development is a complex process. Paracrine interactions between somatic and germ cells are critical for normal follicular development and oocyte maturation. Studies have suggested that the health and function of the granulosa and cumulus cells may be reflective of the health status of the enclosed oocyte. The objective of the(More)
In the present study, we have investigated the cellular mechanisms of androgen-induced antral follicular growth arrest and the possible involvement of chemerin and its receptor chemokine-like receptor 1 (CMKLR1) in this process, using a chronically androgenized rat model. We hypothesize that hyperandrogenism induces antral follicle growth arrest via the(More)
FSH regulates follicular growth in a stage-development fashion. Although preantral follicle stage is gonadotropin responsive, FSH is not required for preantral follicular growth. With the antrum, the follicles continue growing under the influence of FSH and become gonadotropin dependent. Although thyroid hormone is important for normal female reproductive(More)
BACKGROUND The polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complex and heterogeneous endocrine condition characterized by hyperandrogenism, hyperinsulinemia, insulin resistance and chronic anovulation. Regulation and interaction of a multitude of genes required for follicular development are found to be altered in PCOS. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) mediate(More)