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Normal actin cytoskeleton organization in budding yeast requires the function of the Pan1p/ End3p complex. Mutations in PAN1 and END3 cause defects in the organization of actin cytoskeleton and endocytosis. By screening for mutations that can suppress the temperature sensitivity of a pan1 mutant (pan1-4), a novel serine/threonine kinase Prk1p is now(More)
Prk1p is a serine/threonine kinase involved in the regulation of the actin cytoskeleton organization in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Previously, we have identified LxxQxTG as the phosphorylation site of Prk1p. In this report, the recognition sequence for Prk1p is investigated more thoroughly. It is found that the presence of a hydrophobic residue at(More)
Recent studies have suggested that the function of the large GTPase dynamin in endocytosis in mammalian cells may comprise a modulation of actin cytoskeleton. The role of dynamin in actin cytoskeleton organization in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has remained undefined. In this report, we found that one of the yeast dynamin-related proteins, Vps1p, is(More)
Pan1p plays essential roles in both actin and endocytosis in yeast. It interacts with, and regulates the function of, multiple endocytic proteins and actin assembly machinery. Phosphorylation of Pan1p by the kinase Prk1p down-regulates its activity, resulting in disassembly of the endocytic vesicle coat complex and termination of vesicle-associated actin(More)
The formin family of proteins promotes the assembly of linear actin filaments in the cells of diverse eukaryotic organisms. The predominant formins in mammalian cells are self-inhibited by an intramolecular interaction between two terminal domains and are activated by the binding of the Rho GTPases and other factors. In this study, we show that Bni1p, a(More)
Septins are a family of GTP-binding proteins whose heterooligomeric complex is the basic structural element of the septin filaments found in many eukaryotic organisms. In budding yeast, septins are mainly confined at the mother-daughter junction and are required for cell morphogenesis and division. Septins undergo assembly and disassembly in accordance with(More)
The Prk1 family of protein kinases are important regulators of endocytosis and actin cytoskeleton in some eukaryotic cells. In budding yeast, Prk1p phosphorylates numerous endocytic proteins including Pan1p and Sla1p. Prk1p has been observed to undergo autophosphorylation in vivo. In this study, we determined the sites and underlying role of the(More)
This paper investigates the adaptive finite-time stabilization of a class of switched nonlinear systems with unknown nonlinear terms using neural networks. Under the assumption that all the growth conditions for the unknown nonlinear perturbation functions are partially known, the common finitetime controller and adaptive law are constructed by extending(More)
Knowledge reduction of dynamic covering information systems involves with the time in practical situations. In this paper, we provide incremental approaches to computing the type-1 and type-2 characteristic matrices of dynamic coverings because of varying attribute values. Then we present incremental algorithms of constructing the second and sixth(More)
The yeast protein Pan1p plays a key role in actin-driven endocytosis. The molecular architecture enables the protein to perform multivalent tasks. First, Pan1p acts as a central scaffold for assembly of coat complex at the endocytic sites through its binding to multiple endocytic proteins. Secondly, Pan1p is also required for normal actin cytoskeleton(More)