Minghui Jessica Chen

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Massive neuronal apoptosis and accumulation of protein aggregates in the cortex and hippocampus of the brain are hallmarks of several neurodegenerative disorders, indicating ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS) dysfunction. Lactacystin, a classical proteasome inhibitor, is used to simulate ubiquitin proteasome system dysfunction in neurons to mimic(More)
Hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) is a cytotoxic gas recently proposed as a novel neuromodulator. Endogenous levels of H(2)S in the brain range between 50 and 160 microM and perturbed H(2)S synthesis has been reported in the brains from stroke, Alzheimer's disease and Down syndrome patients. Recently, in immature non-glutamate receptor expressing mouse cortical(More)
Mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress are currently considered two key mechanisms contributing to pathobiology in neurodegenerative conditions. The current study investigated the temporal molecular events contributing to programmed cell death after treatment with the mitochondrial complex I inhibitor rotenone. Microarray analysis was performed(More)
Excitotoxicity, induced by the aberrant rise in cytosolic Ca(2+) level, is a major neuropathological process in numerous neurodegenerative disorders. It is triggered when extracellular glutamate (Glu) concentration reaches neuropathological levels resulting in dysregulation and hyper-activation of ionotropic glutamate receptor subtype (iGluRs). Even though(More)
Nitric oxide is implicated in the pathogenesis of various neuropathologies characterized by oxidative stress. Although nitric oxide has been reported to be involved in the exacerbation of oxidative stress observed in several neuropathologies, existent data fail to provide a holistic description of how nitrergic pathobiology elicits neuronal injury. Here we(More)
Bayesian phylogenetic analyses often depend on Bayes factors (BFs) to determine the optimal way to partition the data. The marginal likelihoods used to compute BFs, in turn, are most commonly estimated using the harmonic mean (HM) method, which has been shown to be inaccurate. We describe a new more accurate method for estimating the marginal likelihood of(More)
Programmed cell death (PCD), is a highly regulated and sophisticated cellular mechanism that commits cell to isolated death fate. PCD has been implicated in the pathogenesis of numerous neurodegenerative disorders. Countless molecular events underlie this phenomenon, with each playing a crucial role in death commitment. A precedent event, apoptotic volume(More)
In this paper, we carry out an in-depth theoretical investigation for Bayesian inference for the Cox regression model (Cox, 1972, 1975). Specifically, we establish establish necessary and sufficient conditions for posterior propriety of the regression coefficients, β, in Cox's partial likelihood, which can be obtained as the limiting marginal posterior(More)
Bacteria of the order Rickettsiales (Alphaproteobacteria) are obligate intracellular parasites that infect species from virtually every major eukaryotic lineage. Several rickettsial genera harbor species that are significant emerging and re-emerging pathogens of humans. As species of Rickettsiales are associated with an extremely diverse host range, a(More)
Joint models for longitudinal and survival data now have a long history of being used in clinical trials or other studies in which the goal is to assess a treatment effect while accounting for longitudinal assessments such as patient-reported outcomes or tumor response. Compared to using survival data alone, the joint modeling of survival and longitudinal(More)