Mingfei Liu

  • Citations Per Year
Learn More
The existing Ni-yttria-stabilized zirconia anodes in solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) perform poorly in carbon-containing fuels because of coking and deactivation at desired operating temperatures. Here we report a new anode with nanostructured barium oxide/nickel (BaO/Ni) interfaces for low-cost SOFCs, demonstrating high power density and stability in(More)
An efficient micropropagation system for Hylotelephium tatarinowii (Maxim.) H. Ohba, a rare medicinal plant, has been developed. Callus induced from leaf explants placed onto Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium with supplementation of plant growth regulators. When the concentration of 2,4-dicholorophenoxy acetic acid was as high as 2.0 mg l−1 in combination(More)
The anode materials that have been developed for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) are vulnerable to deactivation by carbon buildup (coking) from hydrocarbon fuels or by sulfur contamination (poisoning). We report on a mixed ion conductor, BaZr(0.1)Ce(0.7)Y(0.2-)(x)Yb(x)O(3-delta), that allows rapid transport of both protons and oxide ion vacancies. It(More)
Following exposure to ppm-level hydrogen sulfide at elevated temperatures, a section of a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) Ni-YSZ anode was examined using a combination of synchrotron-based x-ray nanotomography and x-ray fluorescence techniques. While fluorescence measurements provided elemental identification and coarse spatial mapping, x-ray nanotomography(More)
An asymmetric cell based on a proton conductor, BaZr(0.1)Ce(0.7)Y(0.1)Yb(0.1)O(3-δ) (BZCYYb), with a well-defined patterned Pt electrode was prepared to study the kinetics and mechanism of the hydrogen oxidation reaction under typical conditions for fuel cell operation and hydrogen separation, including operating temperature and hydrogen partial pressure.(More)
Carbon deposition on nickel anodes degrades the performance of solid oxide fuel cells that utilize hydrocarbon fuels. Nickel anodes with BaO nanoclusters deposited on the surface exhibit improved performance by delaying carbon deposition (i.e., coking). The goal of this research was to visualize early stage deposition of carbon on nickel surface and to(More)
Vincent Wu, University of California, Berkeley, 2011 SURF Fellow Advisor: Prof. Meilin Liu Graduate Mentors: Mingfei Liu, Ben Rainwater Introduction The need to develop new cathode materials for intermediate-temperature solid-oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFCs) is driven by the temperature conditions required for IT-SOFC operation. Designing SOFCs to operate at(More)
The decomposition behavior of M(DPM)n (DPM = 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-3,5-heptanedionato; M = Sr, Ba, Cu, Sm, Y, Gd, La, Pr, Fe, Co, Cr, Mn, Ce, Zr; n = 2-4) was studied in detail with infrared spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. The results indicated that the chemical bonds in these compounds dissociate generally following the sequence of C-O > M-O > C-C(CH3)3(More)
The work is supported by US DOE SECA Core Technology Program under Grant No. DENT-0006557. We thank SHaRE, ORNL for TEM instrumentation and sample preparation. One of the reasons that LaxSr1−xCoyFe1−yO3−δ (LSCF) based cathodes show much better performance than those based on LaxSr1-xMnO3-δ (LSM) is that LSCF has much higher ionic and electronic(More)