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BACKGROUND Inflammation is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disorders, arthritis, diabetes mellitus, and mortality. The effects of sleep loss on the cellular and genomic mechanisms that contribute to inflammatory cytokine activity are not known. METHODS In 30 healthy adults, monocyte intracellular proinflammatory cytokine production was(More)
BACKGROUND Accumulating evidence suggests that sleep disturbance is associated with inflammation and related disorders including cardiovascular disease, arthritis, and diabetes mellitus. This study was undertaken to test the effects of sleep loss on activation of nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB, a transcription factor that serves a critical role in the(More)
Cocaine dependence is associated with an increased risk of infectious diseases. The innate immune system triggers effector pathways to combat microbial pathogens through expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). It is not known whether cocaine alters the capacity of monocytes to respond to a bacterial challenge in(More)
A novel bacterial strain with high cellulase activity (2.82 U/ml) was isolated, and then identified by its morphological character and 16S rRNA sequence, and named Bacillus subtilis strain I15. The extracellular thermostable cellulase exhibited the maximum activity at 60°C and pH 6.0. It was very stable since more than 90% of original CMCase activity was(More)
A novel vector for direct PCR fragments cloning by positive selection, pBN, was constructed based on the lethal barnase from Bacillus amyloliquefaciens. Barnase was modified by inserting an additional insert at a pivotal Ile-54 site, which could take crucial affect on protein structure and absolute activity. The lacZ’ expressing cassette of pUC19 was(More)
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