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Insect chitin synthase A (CHSA) catalyzes chitin biosynthesis in tissues that develop from ectoderm. Since only one gene copy encodes CHSA, we hypothesized that CHSA is very likely to exist as isoforms through alternative splicing, and the functions of these isoforms may be tissue-specific. Besides the known alternative splicing exons in the mid-ORF region,(More)
Insect midgut peritrophic membrane (PM) is a functional structure that protects insects against chemical damage and microorganism infection. The essential component in PM is chitin and its synthesis is catalyzed by Class B chitin synthase (CHSB), which plays a unique role in chitin-containing organisms and thus represents a potential target for eco-friendly(More)
Insect β-N-acetyl-D-hexosaminidases with broad substrate-spectrum (IBS-Hex) are the homologues of human β-N-acetyl-D-hexosaminidase A/B (HsHex A/ B). These enzymes are distributed in most insect species and vary in physiological roles. In this study, the gene encoding an IBS-Hex, OfHEX2, was cloned from the Asian corn borer, Ostrinia furnacalis. Recombinant(More)
Cuticular chitin degradation is extremely important for insect growth and development, which has not been fully understood thus far. One obstacle to understanding this mechanism is the lack of a systematic analysis of the chitinolytic enzymes involved in cuticular chitin degradation. In this study, we used the silkmoth Bombyx mori as a model organism and(More)
Exploiting specific targets is of specific interest in developing eco-friendly pesticides. We isolated, purified and characterized a novel beta-N-acetyl-D-hexosaminidase (OfHex1) from the fifth instar larva integument of the Asian corn borer, Ostrinia furnacalis (Guenée). OfHex1 was purified 1468-fold to homogeneity with an activity yield of 20% by four(More)
Small molecule inhibitors against chitinases have potential applications as pesticides, fungicides, and antiasthmatics. Here, we report that a series of fully deacetylated chitooligosaccharides (GlcN)2-7 can act as inhibitors against the insect chitinase OfChtI, the human chitinase HsCht, and the bacterial chitinases SmChiA and SmChiB with IC50 values at(More)
The β-N-acetylhexosaminidase FDL specifically removes the β-1,2-GlcNAc residue conjugated to the α-1,3-mannose residue of the core structure of insect N-glycans, playing significant physiological roles in post-translational modification in the Golgi apparatus. Little is known about its enzymatic properties. We obtained the OfFDL gene from the insect(More)
Insects require molting fluids to shed the old cuticle during molting. β-N-acetyl-D-hexosaminidase, known as Hex1, together with various chitinases, is responsible for degrading the chitin component of the old cuticle. This study showed that another β-N-acetyl-D-hexosaminidase, termed OfHex3, interacted with Hex1 and functioned in the molting fluid,(More)
We have designed and synthesized novel intercalating compounds that efficiently hydrolyze supercoiled plasmid DNA lacking depurine/depyrimidine sites. These intercalators consist of conjugates of diamine and thia-heterocyclic naphthalimide. Surprisingly, the initial hydrolyzed products comprised fragments with half the length of the original plasmid. We(More)
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