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Water transport through the xylem is essential for replacing water loss during transpiration, thus preventing desiccation and permitting photosynthesis. The occurrence of cavitation and embolism due to drought impairs transport to the transpiring leaves. Most research in this discipline has been conducted on woody plants. Less attention has been given to(More)
Several reviews have analyzed the factors that affect the change in soil organic C (SOC) when forest is converted to agricultural land; however, the effects of forest type and cultivation stage on these changes have generally been overlooked. We collated observations from 453 paired or chronosequential sites where forests have been converted to agricultural(More)
To understand how organic C (OC) accumulates in afforested soils and to quantify the contribution of aggregate-associated OC to OC accumulation, we investigated the changes in soil structure, total soil OC, and aggregate-associated OC from 0- to 10- and 10- to 20-cm depths in afforested forests and adjacent farmlands of northwestern China. We assessed the(More)
Soil organic carbon (SOC) plays an important role in improving soil properties and the C global cycle. Limited attention, though, has been given to assessing the spatial patterns and stocks of SOC in desert ecosystems. In this study, we quantitatively evaluated the spatial variability of SOC and its influencing factors and estimated SOC storage in a region(More)
Knowledge about the effects of water and fertilizer on soil CO2 efflux (SCE) and Q 10 is essential for understanding carbon (C) cycles and for evaluating future global C balance. A two-year field experiment was conducted to determine the effects of water, fertilizer, and temperature on SCE in semiarid grassland in northern China. SCE, as well as(More)
Caragana korshinskii is widely used in vegetation reestablishment programs to stabilize the shifting of sand on the Loess Plateau. This sand shifting of sand exerts pressure on the limited soil water and vice versa. However, detailed transpiration and sap flow studies that focus on water use in these stands remain limited. The hourly sap flows, along with(More)
The afforestation of abandoned farmland significantly influences soil organic carbon (OC). However, the dynamics between OC inputs after afforestation and the original OC are not well understood. To learn more about soil OC dynamics after afforestation of farmland, we measured the soil OC content in paired forest and farmland plots in Shaanxi Province,(More)
Knowledge of the effects of water addition and the composition of plant species on soil CO2 efflux (SCE) and its temperature sensitivity (Q 10) in temperate semiarid grassland is essential for understanding carbon (C) cycles and for evaluating future C balance. Our objective was to examine the seasonal variability of SCE and its sensitivity to temperature(More)
Soil water retention parameters are critical to quantify flow and solute transport in vadose zone, while the presence of rock fragments remarkably increases their variability. Therefore a novel method for determining water retention parameters of soil-gravel mixtures is required. The procedure to generate such a model is based firstly on the determination(More)
Clarifying spatial variations in aboveground net primary productivity (ANPP) and precipitation-use efficiency (PUE) of grasslands is critical for effective prediction of the response of terrestrial ecosystem carbon and water cycle to future climate change. Though the combination use of remote sensing products and in situ ANPP measurements, we quantified the(More)