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Two new oleanane triterpenoids (1-2) and one new vibsane-type diterpenoid (3), together with 7 known compounds (4-10), were isolated from the leaves of Viburnum chingii. The structures of compounds 1-3 were elucidated by means of spectroscopic methods including extensive 1D- and 2D-NMR technique. Cytotoxicity of compounds 1-10 were tested against HL-60,(More)
Ocular ischemic syndrome is a chronic ischemic eye disease including a series of ischemic ocular and brain syndromes caused by carotid artery occlusion or stenosis. Because of the different degrees of ischemia, clinical manifestations of ocular ischemic syndrome are diverse, and it is difficult to diagnose in the initial stage. The main strategy to treat(More)
It has been shown that induction of HSP70 by administration of geranylgeranylacetone (GGA) leads to protection against ischemia/reperfusion injury. The present study was performed to determine the effect of GGA on the survival of mice and on brain damage under acute hypobaric hypoxia. The data showed that the mice injected with GGA survived significantly(More)
In an attempt to find new types of anti-hypoxic agents from herbs, we identified 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furfural (5-HMF) as a natural agent that fulfills the criterion. 5-HMF, the final product of carbohydrate metabolism, has favorable biological effects such as anti-oxidant activity and inhibiting sickling of red blood cells. The role of 5-HMF in hypoxia,(More)
Seven 3',8''-linked bioflavonoids, including one new compound, (2''S)-2'', 3''-dihydroamentoflavone-4'-methyl ether and six known compounds: (2S)-2,3- dihydroamentoflavone-4'-methyl ether, (2S,2''S)-2,3,2'',3''-tetrahydroamento- flavone-4'-methyl ether, (2S,2''S)-tetrahydroamentoflavone, (2S)-2,3-dihydro- amentoflavone and(More)
Measurements of the macroscopic growth rates of the (101) face of tetragonal lysozyme crystals indicate an unusual dependence on the supersaturation [Forsythe et al. (1999), Acta Cryst. D55, 1005-1011] similar to that observed for the (110) face. As performed previously for the (110) face, the surface packing arrangement for the (101) face was constructed(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetic retinopathy is severe damage to the retina caused by complications of diabetes, and is the prevailing cause of blindness. Accumulating evidence from both animal models and humans suggests that the inflammatory process plays a key role in the development of diabetic retinopathy and is facilitated by innate immune response. The aim of this(More)
Competitive adsorption of heavy metals by extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) extracted from Desulfovibrio desulfuricans was investigated. Chemical analysis showed that different EPS compositions had different capacities for the adsorption of heavy metals which was investigated using Cu(2+) and Zn(2+). Batch adsorption tests indicated that EPS had a(More)
The measured macroscopic growth rates of the (110) face of tetragonal lysozyme show an unexpectedly complex dependence on the supersaturation. In earlier studies it has been shown that an aggregate growth unit could account for experimental growth-rate trends. In particular molecular packing and interactions in the growth of the crystal were favored by(More)