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Antrodia camphorata (A. camphorata) is well-known in Taiwan as a traditional Chinese medicine. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of A. camphorata extracts to protect against oxidative stress in vitro and against carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4))-induced hepatic injury in vivo. An extract of A. camphorata inhibited nonenzymatic iron-induced(More)
In this study, magnesium sulphate dose-dependently (0.6-3.0 mmol/l) inhibited platelet aggregation in human platelets stimulated by agonists. Furthermore, magnesium sulphate (3.0 mmol/l) markedly interfered with the binding of fluorescein isothiocanate-triflavin to the glycoprotein (GP)IIb/IIIa complex in platelets stimulated by collagen. Magnesium sulphate(More)
The amyloid beta peptide (Abeta), a mediator of neuronal and vascular degeneration in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease and cerebral amyloid angiopathy may have peripheral actions. Platelets are enriched with Abeta and have been shown to enhance platelet actions. However, the detailed signaling pathways through which Abeta activates platelets have not(More)
Plants provide a rich source of lead compounds for a variety of diseases. A novel approach combining phytochemistry and chemotaxis assays was developed and used to identify and study the mechanisms of action of the active compounds in F. japonica, a medicinal herb traditionally used to treat inflammation. Based on a bioactivity-guided purification strategy,(More)
Aristolochic acid (AsA) is produced from Aristolochia fangchi, and has been used as a Chinese herbal medicine. AsA possesses various biological activities including antiplatelet, antifungal, and anti-inflammatory properties. The aim of this study was to examine the mechanisms of AsA in inhibiting platelet aggregation. AsA (75 - 150 microM) exhibited(More)
The aim of this study was to systematically examine the inhibitory mechanisms of C-phycocyanin (C-PC), one of the major phycobiliproteins of Spirulina platensis (a blue-green alga), in platelet activation. In this study, C-PC concentration-dependently (0.5-10 nM) inhibited platelet aggregation stimulated by agonists. C-PC (4 and 8 nM) inhibited(More)
Prevailing evidence suggests that amyloid beta peptide (Abeta), a key mediator in age-dependent neuronal and cerebrovascular degeneration, activates death signaling processes leading to neuronal as well as non-neuronal cell death in the central nervous system. A major cellular event in Abeta-induced death of non-neuronal cells, including cerebral(More)
In the present study, the signal pathways involved in NO formation and iNOS expression in RAW 264.7 macrophages stimulated by LTA were investigated. We also compared the relative inhibitory activities and mechanisms of PMC, a novel potent antioxidant of alpha-tocopherol derivatives, with those of YC-1, an sGC activator, on the induction of iNOS expression(More)
Several free radical intermediates formed during synthesis of prostaglandin H synthase (PGHS) catalyze the biosynthesis of prostaglandins from arachidonic acid (AA). We attempted to directly detect free radical intermediates of PGHS in cells. Studies were carried out using human platelets, which possess significant PGHS activity. Electron spin resonance(More)
2,2,5,7,8-Pentamethyl-6-hydroxychromane (PMC) is the most potent analogue of alpha-tocopherol for anti-oxidation. It is more hydrophilic than other alpha-tocopherol derivatives and has potent free radical-scavenging activity. In the present study, PMC significantly attenuated middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO)-induced focal cerebral ischemia in rats.(More)