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Vaccinia virus is a large enveloped poxvirus with more than 200 genes in its genome. Although many poxvirus genomes have been sequenced, knowledge of the host and viral protein components of the virions remains incomplete. In this study, we used gel-free liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectroscopy to identify the viral and host proteins in purified(More)
The intracellularly acting protein toxin of Pasteurella multocida (PMT) causes numerous effects in cells, including activation of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP(3)) signaling, Ca(2+) mobilization, protein phosphorylation, morphological changes, and DNA synthesis. The direct intracellular target of PMT responsible for activation of the IP(3) pathway is the(More)
Pasteurella multocida toxin (PMT) has been hypothesized to cause activation of a GTP-binding protein (G-protein)-coupled phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C (PLC) in intact cells. We used voltage-clamped Xenopus oocytes to test for direct PMT-mediated stimulation of PLC by monitoring the endogenous Ca2+-dependent C1- current. Injection of PMT(More)
Gene transfer of IL-27 to tumor cells has been proven to inhibit tumor growth in vivo by antiproliferation, antiangiogenesis, and stimulation of immunoprotection. To investigate the nonimmune mechanism of IL-27 that suppresses lung cancer growth, we have established a single-chain IL-27-transduced murine Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC-1) cell line(More)
Pasteurella multocida toxin (PMT) stimulates and subsequently uncouples phospholipase C (PLC) signal transduction through its selective action on the Galphaq subunit. This review summarizes what is currently known about the molecular action of PMT on Gq and the resulting cellular effects. Examples are presented illustrating the use of PMT as a powerful tool(More)
TNF-α is a cytokine with antitumorigenic property. In contrast, low dose, chronic TNF-α production by tumor cells or stromal cells may promote tumor growth and metastasis. Serum levels of TNF-α are significantly elevated in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients. Here, we showed that TNF-α induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and promoted(More)
Cancer stem cells are distinguished from normal adult stem cells by their stemness without tissue homeostasis control. Glycosphingolipids (GSLs), particularly globo-series GSLs, are important markers of undifferentiated embryonic stem cells, but little is known about whether or not ceramide glycosylation, which controls glycosphingolipid synthesis, plays a(More)
More effective treatments for metastatic lung cancer remain a pressing clinical need. In this study, we identified migration inducting gene-7 (MIG-7) protein as critical for COX-2/prostaglandin E2 (PGE2)- and Akt/GSK-3β-dependent tumor invasion/metastasis. COX-2/PGE2 activated EP4 to enhance Akt and GSK-3β phosphorylation and β-catenin/T-cell(More)
Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is caused by a newly emerged coronavirus that infected more than 8000 individuals and resulted in more than 800 fatalities in 2003. Currently, there is no effective treatment for this epidemic. SARS-3CL(pro) has been shown to be essential for replication and is thus a target for drug discovery. Here, a class of(More)
Dermal papillae (DPs) control the formation of hair shafts. In clinical settings, colchicine (CLC) induces patients' hair shedding. Compared to the control, the ex vivo hair fiber elongation of organ cultured vibrissa hair follicles (HFs) declined significantly after seven days of CLC treatment. The cultured DP cells (DPCs) were used as the experimental(More)