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OBJECTIVE To identify the causative gene in spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA) 22, an autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia mapped to chromosome 1p21-q23. METHODS We previously characterized a large Chinese family with progressive ataxia designated SCA22, which overlaps with the locus of SCA19. The disease locus in a French family and an Ashkenazi Jewish(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Elevated plasma asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) levels have been observed in patients with insulin resistance and diabetes, and have been reported to predict adverse cardiovascular events in type 2 diabetic patients. However, the relationship between ADMA and glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes remained controversial. (More)
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 1 (SCA1) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder caused by the expansion of a CAG trinucleotide repeat which encodes glutamine in the novel protein ataxin-1. In order to characterize the developmental expression pattern of SCA1 and to identify putative functional domains in ataxin-1, the murine homolog (Sca1) was(More)
The autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxias (ADCA) are a clinically, pathologically and genetically heterogeneous group of disorders. Ten responsible genes have been identified for spinocerebellar ataxia types SCA1, SCA2, SCA3, SCA6, SCA7, SCA8, SCA10, SCA12 and SCA17, and dentatorubral pallidoluysian atrophy (DRPLA). The mutation is caused by an expansion of(More)
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a severely debilitating anxiety disorder. Over 80% of patients with PTSD also exhibit other psychiatric condition, such as bipolar disorder (BP) or major depression (MDD). Previously, it has been found that p11 mRNA expression was significantly changed in post mortem cortex of patients with PTSD and depression. We(More)
Although suicide represents 1.8% of the global burden of disease, there are few objective assays for suicide risk. Being associated with depressive disorders, which have a high risk of suicide, the proteins P11, P2RX7, and S100β may be biomarkers for a suicidal disposition. We measured levels of p11 and P2RX7 mRNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cells(More)
BACKGROUND Elevated plasma levels of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) has been reported to be associated with insulin resistance and micro/macrovascular diabetic complications, and may predict cardiovascular events in type 2 diabetic patients. Dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase 1 (DDAH1) is the major enzyme eliminating ADMA in humans, but the effect(More)
BACKGROUND Bipolar disorder (BD) is a common mental disorder, subdivided into BD-I and BD-II. Currently, few biomarkers differentiate BD-I from BD-II. However, it is suggested that peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) mRNA levels of p11 and positron emission tomography (PET) might be potential biomarkers for BD. METHODS Healthy controls (HCs), BD-I,(More)
Of 193 emergency department workers exposed to severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), 9 (4.7%) were infected. Pneumonia developed in six workers, and assays showed anti-SARS immunoglobulin (Ig) M and IgG. The other three workers were IgM-positive and had lower IgG titers; in two, mild illness developed, and one remained asymptomatic.
The aim of this study was to examine the feasibility of (123)I-ADAM to image the serotonin transporter (SERT) in Asian (Taiwanese) subjects. Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) scans were performed on nine healthy volunteers who were s-allele carriers at the polymorphism within the serotonin transporter promoter region (SERTPR) after(More)