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Testicular maturation and sperm production throughout the life of the male form the basis of male fertility. It is difficult to elucidate the intricate processes controlling testicular maturation and spermatogenesis in primates in vivo due to the long time span required for sexual maturation and also to the lack of accessible in vitro or in vivo models of(More)
Female macaques produced isoantibodies to a limited number of sperm surface proteins following immunization with sperm components released by phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C (PI-PLC). Washed, acrosome-intact, fixed sperm injected into rabbits elicited a major immune response to one of the same PI-PLC-released proteins, which was shown to be a(More)
The ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) gene product maintains genome integrity and initiates cellular DNA repair pathways following exposures to genotoxic agents. ATM also plays a significant role in meiotic recombination during spermatogenesis. Fertilization with sperm carrying damaged DNA could lead to adverse effects in offspring including developmental(More)
PH-20 is a glycoprotein located on the surface of the sperm plasma membrane and on the inner acrosomal membrane. The best understood function of sperm surface PH-20 is its hyaluronidase activity, which results in hydrolysis of the hyaluronic acid-rich cumulus matrix during sperm penetration of this extracellular oocyte investment. In this study, we(More)
BACKGROUND Modification of cryoprotective medium (CPM) R18S3 (18% raffinose and 3% skim milk) by addition of monothioglycerol (MTG) or L-glutamine (Glu) has been shown to improve in vitro fertilization (IVF) using mouse sperm cryopreserved in cryostraws. However, whether these CPMs can be applied effectively to sperm cryopreserved in cryovials is unknown.(More)
Cold transport of epididymides from genetically modified mice is an efficient alternative to the shipment of live animals between research facilities. Mouse sperm from epididymides cold-stored for short periods can maintain viability. We previously reported that cold storage of mouse epididymides in Lifor® perfusion medium prolonged sperm motility and(More)
Apolipoprotein E (Apoe)-deficient knockout mice were used to test the hypothesis that mutant mice preserved as evaporatively dried (ED) spermatozoa, stored at -80 °C for 6 months, and then recovered by ICSI will exhibit the same phenotype as before preservation. The birth rate of mice recovered by ICSI of evaporatively dried spermatozoa was lower than that(More)
In this study, we sought to determine the extent to which mitogenic growth factors affect the survival and development of cloned mouse embryos in vitro. Cloned embryos derived by intracytoplasmic nuclear injection (ICNI) of cumulus cell nuclei into enucleated oocytes were incubated in culture media supplemented with EGF and/or TGF-alpha for 4 days. Compared(More)
Fresh and frozen-thawed rhesus monkey sperm were analyzed for DNA damage using the comet assay and for chromosome damage by cytogenetic analysis after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) into mouse oocytes. The percentage of fresh sperm with damaged DNA in ejaculated semen was 0 to 2.7% (n = 5). Conventional cryopreservation and storage in liquid(More)
Procedures for cryopreserving embryos vary considerably, each having its specific advantages and disadvantages in terms of technical feasibility, embryo survival yield, temperature permissibility and species- or strain-dependent applicability. Here we report a high osmolality vitrification (HOV) method that is advantageous in these respects.(More)