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Testicular maturation and sperm production throughout the life of the male form the basis of male fertility. It is difficult to elucidate the intricate processes controlling testicular maturation and spermatogenesis in primates in vivo due to the long time span required for sexual maturation and also to the lack of accessible in vitro or in vivo models of(More)
Female macaques produced isoantibodies to a limited number of sperm surface proteins following immunization with sperm components released by phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C (PI-PLC). Washed, acrosome-intact, fixed sperm injected into rabbits elicited a major immune response to one of the same PI-PLC-released proteins, which was shown to be a(More)
In this study, we sought to determine the extent to which mitogenic growth factors affect the survival and development of cloned mouse embryos in vitro. Cloned embryos derived by intracytoplasmic nuclear injection (ICNI) of cumulus cell nuclei into enucleated oocytes were incubated in culture media supplemented with EGF and/or TGF-alpha for 4 days. Compared(More)
BACKGROUND In vitro culture (IVC) and IVF of preimplantation mouse embryos are associated with changes in gene expression. It is however not known whether ICSI has additional effects on the transcriptome of mouse blastocysts. METHODS We compared gene expression and development of mouse blastocysts produced by ICSI and cultured in Whitten's medium(More)
BACKGROUND Modification of cryoprotective medium (CPM) R18S3 (18% raffinose and 3% skim milk) by addition of monothioglycerol (MTG) or L-glutamine (Glu) has been shown to improve in vitro fertilization (IVF) using mouse sperm cryopreserved in cryostraws. However, whether these CPMs can be applied effectively to sperm cryopreserved in cryovials is unknown.(More)
Cold transport of epididymides from genetically modified mice is an efficient alternative to the shipment of live animals between research facilities. Mouse sperm from epididymides cold-stored for short periods can maintain viability. We previously reported that cold storage of mouse epididymides in Lifor® perfusion medium prolonged sperm motility and(More)
Procedures for cryopreserving embryos vary considerably, each having its specific advantages and disadvantages in terms of technical feasibility, embryo survival yield, temperature permissibility and species- or strain-dependent applicability. Here we report a high osmolality vitrification (HOV) method that is advantageous in these respects.(More)
The ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) gene product maintains genome integrity and initiates cellular DNA repair pathways following exposures to genotoxic agents. ATM also plays a significant role in meiotic recombination during spermatogenesis. Fertilization with sperm carrying damaged DNA could lead to adverse effects in offspring including developmental(More)
Although the derivation of mice by intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) using freeze-dried sperm has been demonstrated previously, a comprehensive analysis of their viability, health, and fertility has not. The purpose of the present study was to determine the extent to which ICSI using freeze-dried sperm stored at 4 degrees C for 1-2 months from mice on(More)
PH-20 is a glycoprotein located on the surface of the sperm plasma membrane and on the inner acrosomal membrane. The best understood function of sperm surface PH-20 is its hyaluronidase activity, which results in hydrolysis of the hyaluronic acid-rich cumulus matrix during sperm penetration of this extracellular oocyte investment. In this study, we(More)