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PURPOSE To investigate the utility of an automated perfusion-weighted MRI (PWI) method for estimating cerebral blood flow (CBF) based on localized arterial input functions (AIFs) as compared to the standard method of manual global AIF selection, which is prone to deconvolution errors due to the effects of delay and dispersion of the contrast bolus. (More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the morphologic changes of the pituitary gland in patients with the clinical diagnosis of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). Qualitative and quantitative analyses of pituitary morphology were performed in normal subjects (n = 23), patients with the clinical diagnosis of IIH (n = 40), and patients with acute(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether measuring signal intensity (SI) fluctuations in MRI time series data from acute stroke patients would identify ischemic tissue. MATERIALS AND METHODS Prebolus perfusion-weighted MRI data from 32 acute ischemic stroke patients (N = 32) was analyzed as a time series. Ischemic and normal tissue regions were outlined and compared.(More)
A highly specific and sensitive immunoaffinity LC-MS/MS assay for quantification of human and cynomolgus monkey interleukin 21 (IL-21) was developed, qualified, and implemented. The workflow includes offline enrichment of IL-21 using an anti-IL-21 capture antibody, followed by isolation using magnetic beads, trypsin digestion, online enrichment of IL-21(More)
PH-responsive drug release system based on the conjugates of PAMAM dendrimers-doxorubicin (PAMAM-DOX) and superparamagnetic iron oxide (Fe(3)O(4)) nanoparticles (IONPs) has been constructed and characterized. The IONPs were stabilized by mPEG-G2.5 PAMAM dendrimers. The anticancer drug DOX was conjugated to the dendrimer segments of amino-stabilized IONPs(More)
IL-21 has been shown to play an important role in autoimmune diseases. ATR-107 is an antibody which directly targets the IL-21 receptor (IL-21R). To aid the clinical development of ATR-107, there is a need for understanding the mechanism of action (MOA) of this antibody when assessing target engagement in human subjects. To determine ATR-107 biological(More)
The availability of new therapeutic interventions, including neuroprotective agents and endovascular thrombolysis, has given new hope to patients suffering an acute stroke. Early intervention remains a key factor in the effectiveness of these new and traditional treatments. More importantly, the capability to assess the viability and reversibility of the(More)
PURPOSE To investigate a previously developed method for perfusion-weighted MRI (PWI) cerebral blood flow (CBF) estimation that uses local arterial input functions (AIFs) in stroke patients, and determine its ability to correct delay and/or dispersion (D/D) errors. MATERIALS AND METHODS Analysis was performed on dynamic susceptibility contrast data from(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cerebral hemodynamic status has been reported to influence the occurrence and outcome of acute stroke. The purpose of this study was to assess hemodynamic compromise in symptomatic patients with severe occlusive disease of the carotid artery by the use of echo-planar perfusion imaging. METHODS Spin-echo echo-planar perfusion imaging(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of the small interfering RNA plasmid-dextran magnetic nanoparticles (siRNA-DMN) combination with external magnetic fields on silencing survivin gene expression of bladder cancer cells and apoptosis when DMN used as gene carrier to transfer siRNA-survivin recombinant plasmid in vivo. METHODS The siRNA-survivin(More)