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The active site amino acid residues of lignin peroxidase are homologous to those of other peroxidases; however, in contrast to other peroxidases, no pH dependence is observed for the reaction of ferric lignin peroxidase with H2O2 to form compound I (Andrawis, A., Johnson, K.A., and Tien, M. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263, 1195-1198). Chloride binding is used in(More)
An extracellular lignin-degrading enzyme from the basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporium Burdsall was purified to homogeneity by ion-exchange chromatography. The 42,000-dalton ligninase contains one protoheme IX per molecule. It catalyzes, nonstereospecifically, several oxidations in the alkyl side chains of lignin-related compounds: C(alpha)-C(beta)(More)
The white rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium degraded DDT [1,1,-bis(4-chlorophenyl)-2,2,2-trichloroethane], 3,4,3',4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl, 2,4,5,2',-4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl, 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin, lindane (1,2,3,4,5,6-hexachlorocylohexane), and benzo[a]pyrene to carbon dioxide. Model studies, based on the use of DDT, suggest that the(More)
An extracellular lignin-degrading enzyme from the basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporium Burdsall was purified to homogeneity by ion-exchange chromatography. The 42,000-dalton ligninase contains one protoheme IX per molecule. It catalyzes, nonstereospecifically, several oxidations in the alkyl side chains of lignin-related compounds: Ca-Cp cleavage in(More)
The interaction of proteins implicated in dissimilatory metal reduction by Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 (outer membrane [OM] proteins OmcA, MtrB, and MtrC; OM-associated protein MtrA; periplasmic protein CctA; and cytoplasmic membrane protein CymA) were characterized by protein purification, analytical ultracentrifugation, and cross-linking methods. Five of(More)
Two-dimensional (2-D) gel electrophoresis was used to separate the extracellular proteins produced by the white-rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Solid-substrate cultures grown on red oak wood chips yielded extracellular protein preparations which were not suitable for 2-D gel analysis. However, pre-washing the wood chips with water helped decrease(More)
We have used scaling kinetics and the concept of kinetic competence to elucidate the role of hemeproteins OmcA and MtrC in iron reduction by Shewanella oneidensis MR-1. Second-order rate constants for OmcA and MtrC were determined by single-turnover experiments. For soluble iron species, a stopped-flow apparatus was used, and for the less reactive iron(More)
Phanerochaete chrysosporium is rapidly becoming a model system for the study of lignin biodegradation. Numerous studies on the physiology, biochemistry, chemistry, and genetics of this system have been performed. However, P. chrysosporium is not the only fungus to have a lignin-degrading enzyme system. Many other ligninolytic species of fungi, as well as(More)
The aromatic polymer lignin protects plants from most forms of microbial attack. Despite the fact that a significant fraction of all lignocellulose degraded passes through arthropod guts, the fate of lignin in these systems is not known. Using tetramethylammonium hydroxide thermochemolysis, we show lignin degradation by two insect species, the Asian(More)