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Because of the popularity of portable devices and wireless LANs based on IEEE 802.11 standard, the mobility in wireless network environment become more important. There are two important issues to be addressed in order to support real-time service across wireless networks. One is high transmission data rate; the other is low handoff delay latency. In this(More)
Ordinary differential equations usefully describe the behavior of a wide range of dynamic physical systems. The particle swarm optimization PSO method has been considered an effective tool for solving the engineering optimization problems for ordinary differential equations. This paper proposes a modified hybrid Nelder-Mead simplex search and particle swarm(More)
The purpose of this paper is to solve the problem of protecting aerial lines from high impedance faults (HIFs) in distribution systems. This investigation successfully applies 3I 0 zero sequence current to solve HIF problems. The feature extraction system based on discrete wavelet transform (DWT) and the feature identification technique found on statistical(More)
The low-loss single semi-coaxial (S-SC) and differential semi-coaxial (D-SC) interconnects based on a standard 0.18-gm CMOS process are presented for the first time. Compared to the attenuation constant (a) reported for microstrip and CPW interconnects in CMOS process, the S-SC line shows the lowest loss of 0.90 dB/mm at 50 GHz. The D-SC line also presents(More)
Creatine plays an important role in muscle energy metabolism. Postactivation potentiation (PAP) is a phenomenon that can acutely increase muscle power, but it is an individualized process that is influenced by muscle fatigue. This study examined the effects of creatine supplementation on explosive performance and the optimal individual PAP time during a set(More)
systems with light or no loads can lead to core saturation in transformers or potential transformers. This can cause component and capacitance matching resulting in the formation of resonant circuits, which trigger ferroresonance. This study employed a wavelet transform for the detection of ferroresonance. Simulation results demonstrate the efficacy of the(More)
In power systems, determining the values of time dial setting (TDS) and the plug setting (PS) for directional overcurrent relays (DOCRs) is an extremely constrained optimization problem that has been previously described and solved as a nonlinear programming problem. Optimization coordination problems of near-end faults and far-end faults occurring(More)