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Alveolar soft-part sarcoma (ASPS) is rare. We present a case of a 30-year-old woman with a 6-month history of a palpable mass in her left thigh. MRI showed an 8-cm mass and a satellite nodule at the left gluteus muscle. The main tumor exhibited an isointense signal on T1-weighted images and high-signal-intensity areas with low-signal-intensity scanty solid(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) can regulate osteoblast activities. This study was aimed to evaluate the protective effects of pretreatment with sodium nitroprusside (SNP) as a source of NO on hydrogen peroxide-induced osteoblast insults and its possible mechanisms. Exposure of human osteosarcoma MG63 cells to hydrogen peroxide significantly increased cellular oxidative(More)
Obesity has been associated with an increased risk of osteoarthritis (OA). However, the mechanism by which obesity contributes to OA remains uncertain. Adiponectin, an adipocyte-derived hormone, has shown anti-diabetic and anti-atherogenic properties. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the potential role of adiponectin in OA disease. We(More)
Paradoxical anterior movement of the femoral condyles after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) often attenuates the extension mechanism and causes a suboptimal outcome. The medial-pivot implant design aimed to confine anterior movement and emulate physiologic knee kinematics. In our study, a consecutive series of 58 medial-pivot TKA were enrolled with a minimum(More)
From the studies on the involvement of iNOS in arthritis, it is clear that attention has focused primarily on rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA). To date, little is known about the role of iNOS in the pathophysiology of gouty arthritis (GA). Here, we investigated the significance of iNOS expression in cell culture system as well as in GA(More)
Vitis thunbergii Sieb. and Zucc. var. taiwaniana Lu is an endemic plant in Taiwan used as a dietary supplement for bone health. In this study, human chondrocytes were induced to produce COX-2, MMP-3, -13, and PGE(2) by LPS. An (18)F-FDG microPET imaging system was used to evaluate the anti-inflammatory arthritic effects in vivo. Six stilbenes, resveratrol(More)
Combined effects of hyaluronate and indomethacin in the treatment of rabbits with antigen-induced arthritis (AIA) were evaluated by assessing joint swelling, C-reactive protein (CRP) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) levels with periodic intra-articular (ia) injections of hyaluronate alone (HA group) and with either a low or high concentration of indomethacin(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the possible involvement of synovium in cartilage destruction in osteoarthritis (OA) patients. Using human primary synovial fibroblasts (HPSFs), we examined the effects of glucosamine (GLN) on the regulation of the expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-1, -2, and -13) and chemokines (IL-8, MCP-1, and(More)
This paper describes a highly interactive virtual reality orthopedic surgery simulator. The simulator allows surgeons to use various surgical instruments to operate on virtual rigid anatomic structures, such bones, prostheses and bone grafts, to simulate every procedure on the rigid structures for complex orthopedic surgeries, including arthroplasty,(More)