Ming Sen Meng

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Apolipoprotein B (apoB), an apolipoprotein associated with very low density lipoproteins and the atherogenic low density lipoproteins (LDL), directs the metabolism of lipoprotein particles in plasma by interacting with the LDL receptor. Utilizing human intestinal biopsy organ cultures, we have studied the synthesis of intestinal apoB in man. Intestinal(More)
Apolipoprotein (apo) A-I is the major protein constituent of plasma high density lipoproteins (HDL). A kindred has been identified in which a glycine to arginine mutation at residue 26 in apoA-I is associated with hypoalphalipoproteinemia and hereditary systemic amyloidosis. We isolated the mutant protein, termed apoA-IIowa, from the plasma of an affected(More)
Apolipoprotein C-II plays a major role in lipid metabolism as a cofactor for lipoprotein lipase, the enzyme involved in the hydrolysis of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins. Apo-C-II is initially synthesized as a 101 amino acid protein that undergoes subsequent cotranslational cleavage of a signal peptide. Post-translational processing of apo-C-II has not been(More)
To evaluate the sources of high density lipoprotein (HDL) particles containing only apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I), the synthesis of apoA-I and apolipoprotein A-II (apoA-II) was examined in human liver and small intestine as well as the human intestinally derived cell line, Caco-2. Human liver contained apoA-I, apoA-II as well as apolipoprotein B (apoB) mRNA.(More)
O-linked glycosylation is a common post-translational modification of apolipoproteins, but no structural or functional role for it has been identified. We examined the biosynthesis of apolipoprotein (apo) A-II in Hep G2 cells and in glycosylation-defective Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell mutants transfected with apoA-II cDNA. Three monomeric isoforms of(More)
The metabolic defect in Tangier disease is an increased catabolism of apoA-ITangier. The plasma concentration of proapoA-ITangier (apoA-I1 isoform) is increased in patients with Tangier disease. ProapoA-ITangier has been purified to homogeneity, and the amino acid sequence of the propeptide determined by automated Edman degradation. The propeptide sequence(More)
Apo A-IMilano is a mutant form of apo A-I in which cysteine is substituted for arginine at amino acid 173. Subjects with apo A-IMilano are characterized by having low levels of plasma HDL cholesterol and apo A-I. To determine the kinetic etiology of the decreased plasma levels of the apo A-I in these individuals, normal and mutant apo A-I were isolated,(More)
Apolipoprotein C-II, which activates lipoprotein lipase, was isolated from normal subjects and purified to homogeneity by reverse-phase high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC). The partially purified product from DEAE-cellulose chromatography was eluted from a Radial Pak C18 cartridge in a radial compression module using a linear gradient of 0.01 M(More)