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Neural activity often becomes rhythmic during mental processing. But there has been no direct proof that rhythmicity, per se, is important for mental function. We assessed this issue in relation to the contribution of hippocampal theta-frequency rhythmicity to learning in the Morris water maze by blocking theta (and other septal inputs to the hippocampus)(More)
Supraoptic nucleus (SON) neurons secrete either oxytocin or vasopressin into the bloodstream from their axon terminals in the posterior pituitary gland. SON neurons are powerfully inhibited by the classical μ-opioid receptor agonist, morphine. Oxytocin neurons develop morphine dependence when chronically exposed to this opiate, and undergo robust withdrawal(More)
Previous studies have shown only modest effects of supramammillary nucleus (SuM) dysfunction on theta frequency and learning in the water maze (WM), with larger effects in other tasks. However, theta recorded from SuM, and used to trigger the production of theta-like oscillations in the hippocampus, produced reversal of the deficit in WM learning produced(More)
Hippocampal (HPC) theta oscillations have long been linked to various functions of the brain. Many cortical and subcortical areas that also exhibit theta oscillations have been linked to functional circuits with the hippocampus on the basis of coupled activities at theta frequencies. We examine, in freely moving rats, the characteristics of diencephalic(More)
Purpose of this study was to establish an effective method in vitro to proliferate natural killer T (NKT) cells from umbilical cord blood (UCB) and peripheral blood (PB), and to study their different phenotype. Mononuclear cells (MNC) from UCB and PB were cultured in the presence of IL-2 (100 U/ml), with or without alpha-Galcer. TCR Valpha24 Vbeta11 double(More)
It has recently been recognized that orbitofrontal cortex has 2 subdivisions that are anatomically and functionally distinct. Most rodent research has focused on the lateral subdivision, leaving the medial subdivision (mOFC) relatively unexplored. We recently showed that inhibiting mOFC neurons eliminated the differential impact of reward probability cues(More)
Phasic activity in supraoptic nucleus vasopressin neurones is characterized by alternating periods of activity (bursts) and silence. During bursts, activation of a medium afterhyperpolarization induces spike frequency adaptation. Antagonism of A1 adenosine receptors within the supraoptic nucleus decreases spike frequency adaptation and prolongs phasic(More)
Algorithms for estimating directed connectivity have become indispensable to further understand the neurodynamics between functionally coupled brain areas. The evaluation of directed connectivity on the propagation of brain activity has largely been based on simulated data or toy models, where various hidden properties of neurophysiological data may not be(More)
Classically, neuropeptide release occurs from axon terminals to influence post-synaptic neurons. However, it has become increasingly clear that many neurons in the central nervous system also release neuropeptide from their somata and dendrites. This somato-dendritic neuropeptide release can have many functions, amongst which is feedback modulation of(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the immunotoxicity induced by 9,10-dimethyl-1,2-benzathrancene (DMBA) in metallothionein gene-knocked-out mice [MT(-/-)] as compared with that in wild-type mice [(MT(+/+)]. METHODS Female mice were treated with 25 mg/kg and 50 mg/kg of DMBA i.p., respectively and immunized with sheep red blood cells (SRBC) i.v. on the following day and(More)
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