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Neural activity often becomes rhythmic during mental processing. But there has been no direct proof that rhythmicity, per se, is important for mental function. We assessed this issue in relation to the contribution of hippocampal theta-frequency rhythmicity to learning in the Morris water maze by blocking theta (and other septal inputs to the hippocampus)(More)
—This paper studies fractional carrier frequency offset (CFO) estimation for orthogonal frequency-division multiplex-ing (OFDM) systems. In the IEEE 802.16 (WiMAX) standard, a training symbol structure with three highly correlated but not identical segments is specified. The existing CFO estimation methods require the segments in the training symbol to be(More)
—In orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) systems, coarse frame timing can be acquired from one or more training symbols preceding every OFDM burst. The existing literature studied the case where there was only one training symbol consisting of identical segments. We generalize the timing synchronization methods to take advantage of multiple(More)
Previous studies have shown only modest effects of supramammillary nucleus (SuM) dysfunction on theta frequency and learning in the water maze (WM), with larger effects in other tasks. However, theta recorded from SuM, and used to trigger the production of theta-like oscillations in the hippocampus, produced reversal of the deficit in WM learning produced(More)
Phasic activity in supraoptic nucleus vasopressin neurones is characterized by alternating periods of activity (bursts) and silence. During bursts, activation of a medium afterhyperpolarization induces spike frequency adaptation. Antagonism of A1 adenosine receptors within the supraoptic nucleus decreases spike frequency adaptation and prolongs phasic(More)
It has been verified that borneol could promote the accumulation of other drugs in the whole brain. In this study, a microdialysis sampling system coupled with UPLC-MS was developed to evaluate the delivery of geniposide to four brain regions (cortex, hippocampus, hypothalamus and striatum) of conscious rats in the absence/presence of borneol: rats were(More)
Classically, neuropeptide release occurs from axon terminals to influence post-synaptic neurons. However, it has become increasingly clear that many neurons in the central nervous system also release neuropeptide from their somata and dendrites. This somato-dendritic neuropeptide release can have many functions, amongst which is feedback modulation of(More)
This paper proposes a high-performance and relatively low-complexity approximated maximum likelihood estimator (MLE) for carrier frequency offset (CFO) in practical orthogonal frequency multiplexing (OFDM) systems, where the preamble has repetition structure in time domain, null subcarriers are allocated at two ends of the frequency spectrum, and the(More)
It has recently been recognized that orbitofrontal cortex has 2 subdivisions that are anatomically and functionally distinct. Most rodent research has focused on the lateral subdivision, leaving the medial subdivision (mOFC) relatively unexplored. We recently showed that inhibiting mOFC neurons eliminated the differential impact of reward probability cues(More)