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BACKGROUND Confocal laser endomicroscopy (CLE) may be used to diagnose gastric cancer and intestinal metaplasia, but the impact of CLE experience on the accuracy of confocal diagnosis of gastric cancer and intestinal metaplasia is not clear. OBJECTIVE To establish the sensitivity, specificity, and intragroup interobserver agreement of CLE image(More)
BACKGROUND Withdrawal of dopamine agonist (DA) therapy in the management of microprolactinoma is common practice, but it is unclear which patients are likely to attain long-term remission. OBJECTIVE To identify predictive factors for long-term remission. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. PATIENTS Forty subjects (39 female, aged 24-60 years) with(More)
Loss of RUNX3 expression is suggested to be causally related to gastric cancer as 45% to 60% of gastric cancers do not express RUNX3 mainly due to hypermethylation of the RUNX3 promoter. Here, we examined for other defects in the properties of RUNX3 in gastric cancers that express RUNX3. Ninety-seven gastric cancer tumor specimens and 21 gastric cancer cell(More)
Chinese women are recognized to have a high incidence of lung cancer despite a low smoking prevalence. Several studies have implicated domestic exposure to cooking fumes as a possible risk factor, although the exact carcinogens have yet to be identified. Heterocyclic amines are known carcinogens, which have been identified in cooked meat, and also in fumes(More)
Inflammation appears to be important in lung carcinogenesis among smokers, but its role among never-smokers is not well established. We hypothesized that inflammatory medical conditions and gene polymorphisms interact to increase lung cancer risk in never-smokers. We interviewed 433 Singaporean female never-smoker lung cancer patients and 1375 hospital(More)
OBJECTIVE We prospectively compared the diagnostic performance of autofluorescence imaging (AFI), magnifying narrow band imaging (mNBI), and probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy (pCLE) with white light endoscopy (WLE) for the diagnosis of gastric intestinal metaplasia (GIM), using histology as the "gold standard." DESIGN Chinese >50 years old with(More)
Among non-smokers, the factors resulting in lung carcinogenesis are poorly understood. We conducted a hospital-based case-control analysis of 294 Chinese women, of whom 217 were non-smokers, to evaluate the role of polymorphic N-acetyltransferase (NAT2) as a susceptibility factor for the disease. The proportion of slow acetylator genotypes among non-smoking(More)
The biological role of steroid 5alpha-reductase isozymes (encoded by the SRD5A1 and SRD5A2 genes) and angiogenic factors that play important roles in the pathogenesis and vascularization of prostate cancer (PC) is poorly understood. The sub-cellular expression of these isozymes and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in PC tissue microarrays (n=62)(More)
  • Jimmy So, Andrea Rajnakova, +5 authors Uedo Noriya
  • 2013
Detection of pre-neoplastic gastric mucosal changes and early gastric cancer (EGC) by white-light endoscopy (WLE) is often difficult. In this study we investigated whether combined autofluorescence imaging (AFI) and narrow band imaging (NBI) can improve detection of pre-neoplastic lesions and early gastric cancer in high-risk patients. Chinese patients who(More)
Angiopoietins have been increasingly implicated to play important roles in blood vessel formation, remodeling, maturation, and maintenance. However, their roles in tumor angiogenesis and hence tumor growth and metastasis still remain uncertain. In this work, angiopoietin 1 expression was amplified in human cervical cancer HeLa cells by stable transfection(More)