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Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS) is widely used to evaluate degree of somnolence among Chinese patients with sleep-disordered breathing. Yet no Mandarin-Chinese translation has ever reported its validation data. In this study we translated and validated the ESS into Mandarin Chinese (CESS). We found, in 31 bilingual patients' responses to the CESS and the(More)
Diffuse optical multipatch technique is used to assess spatial variations in absorption and scattering in biological tissue, by monitoring changes in the concentration of oxyhemoglobin and deoxyhemoglobin. In our preliminary study, the temporal tracings of tissue oxygenation are measured using diffuse optical multipatch measurement and a venous occlusion(More)
Most reports regarding unplanned extubation (UE) are case-control studies with matching age and disease severity. To avoid diminishing differences in matched factors, this study with only matching duration of mechanical ventilation aimed to re-examine the risk factors and the factors governing outcomes of UE in intensive care units (ICUs). This case-control(More)
Exertional dyspnea scales (EDS) and health-related quality-of-life questionnaires (HRQoLQs) are used to assess chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The GOLD guidelines categorize patients according to either 1 of these 2 domains, the lung function and the frequency of acute exacerbations in the preceding year, however with inconsistent results.(More)
BACKGROUND Impaired peripheral oxygenation (IPO)-related variables readily achieved with cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) represent cardiovascular dysfunction. These variables include peak oxygen uptake ( [Formula: see text] predicted, anaerobic threshold [Formula: see text] predicted, [Formula: see text] rate slope <8.6 mL/watt, oxygen pulse <80%(More)
BACKGROUND Endotracheal intubation and prolonged immobilization of patients receiving mechanical ventilation may reduce expectoration function. High-frequency chest wall oscillation (HFCWO) may ameliorate airway secretion movement; however, the instantaneous changes in patients' cardiopulmonary responses are unknown. Moreover, HFCWO may influence ventilator(More)
UNLABELLED Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a low grade systemic inflammatory disease characterized by dyspnea and exercise intolerance even under standard therapy. Rhodiola crenulata (RC) has been shown to exert anti-inflammatory effects and to enhance exercise endurance, thereby having the potential to treat COPD. In this 12-week,(More)
The static/dynamic changes of gas exchange, heart rate (HR) and blood pressure in terms of work rate (WR) and WR changes in ramp exercise were investigated by cardio-pulmonary exercise tests (CPETs) in hyperhidrosis patients before (W0), one week (W1) and four weeks (W4) after bilateral T2-sympathectomy. Accompanied by constant oxygen consumption and WR at(More)
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