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AIM To test whether the genetic polymorphisms within the gene encoding the UGT2B7 gene may have an impact on methadone treatment. MATERIALS & METHODS Twelve SNPs in UGT2B7 were selected. 366 methadone maintenance treatment patients in Taiwan were recruited and genotyped. RESULTS In a genotype recessive model, rs6600879, rs6600880, rs4554144, rs11940316,(More)
Methadone is a racemic compound composed of the R-form and S-form enantiomers. The drug is usually used in maintenance therapy for the heroin-addicted patients. In our previous study, we found that the cytochrome P-450 (CYP) isozyme 2B6 preferentially metabolizes the S-methadone enantiomer. We thus tested whether CYP2B6 gene polymorphisms had any influence(More)
Abstract Methadone maintenance therapy is an established treatment for heroin dependence. This study tested the influence of functional genetic polymorphisms in CYP2C19 gene encoding a CYP450 enzyme that contributes to methadone metabolism on treatment dose, plasma concentration, and side effects of methadone. Two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs),(More)
AIM Methadone maintenance therapy is one of the standard treatments for heroin addiction. The isozyme CYP3A4 of the CYP system is one of the metabolic enzymes, as well as CYP2B6, responsible for the metabolism of methadone. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the potential use of genetic polymorphisms in CYP3A4 as biomarkers for the prediction of(More)
Methadone, a synthetic racemic opioid that primarily works as a μ-opioid receptor (OPRM1) agonist, is commonly used for the treatment of heroin addiction. Genetic association studies have reported that the OPRM1 gene is involved in the physiology of heroin and alcohol addiction. Our current study is designed to test the hypothesis that genetic polymorphisms(More)
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