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Three components of the chloroplast protein translocon, Tic110, Hsp93 (ClpC), and Tic40, have been shown to be important for protein translocation across the inner envelope membrane into the stroma. We show the molecular interactions among these three components that facilitate processing and translocation of precursor proteins. Transit-peptide binding by(More)
The orchid Erycina pusilla has a short life cycle and relatively low chromosome number, making it a potential model plant for orchid functional genomics. To that end, small RNAs (sRNAs) from different developmental stages of different organs were sequenced. In this miRNA mix, 33 annotated miRNA families and 110 putative miRNA-targeted transcripts were(More)
The NAD(P)H dehydrogenase complex is encoded by 11 ndh genes in plant chloroplast (cp) genomes. However, ndh genes are truncated or deleted in some autotrophic Epidendroideae orchid cp genomes. To determine the evolutionary timing of the gene deletions and the genomic locations of the various ndh genes in orchids, the cp genomes of Vanilla planifolia,(More)
The high chromosome numbers, polyploid genomes, and long juvenile phases of most ornamental orchid species render functional genomics difficult and limit the discovery of genes influencing horticultural traits. The orchid Erycina pusilla has a low chromosome number (2n = 12) and flowers in vitro within 1 year, making it a standout candidate for use as a(More)
The bamboo Bambusa edulis has a long juvenile phase in situ, but can be induced to flower during in vitro tissue culture, providing a readily available source of material for studies on reproductive biology and flowering. In this report, in vitro-derived reproductive and vegetative materials of B. edulis were harvested and used to generate transcriptome(More)
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