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Conventional model-based or statistical analysis methods for functional MRI (fMRI) suffer from the limitation of the assumed paradigm and biased results. Temporal clustering methods, such as fuzzy clustering, can eliminate these problems but are difficult to find activation occupying a small area, sensitive to noise and initial values, and computationally(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Behavioral and psychologic symptoms of dementia (BPSD) are major sources of a caregiver's burden and also the most important factor when considering the need for institutionalization of dementia patients. BPSD occur in about 90% of patients with dementia. Studies comparing the BPSD in the major types of dementia using unitary behavioral(More)
BACKGROUND Schizophrenia is a heterogeneous disorder with diverse presentations. The current and the proposed DSM-V diagnostic system remains phenomenologically based, despite the fact that several neurobiological and neuropsychological markers have been identified. A multivariate approach has better diagnostic utility than a single marker method. In this(More)
Impaired sensory gating and memory function were reported in a study of 10 schizophrenic patients and 10 age- and sex-matched normal subjects. The P50 component of the auditory evoked potential was used as an index of gating. Explicit memory was tested with the Wechsler Memory Scale and implicit memory by artificial grammar learning. The schizophrenic(More)
Age significantly influences the detection thresholds to noxious heat; such thresholds depend on responses in the cerebral cortex to thermal stimuli and the psychophysical perception of such responses. To understand the influence of age on cerebral responses, we used contact heat-evoked potentials (CHEPs) to investigate the physiology of cerebral responses(More)
The affective meaning of words can be quantified statistically by the 'semantic differential technique'. We studied a total of 55 Chinese adults in two experiments: first, 210 nouns were rated by 32 subjects. Factor analysis on these data yielded three independent semantic dimensions. Semantically unique words were used in electrophysiological experiments(More)
The premotor cortex (PMC) plays an important role in selecting and preparing for movement. This study investigates how stroke-induced PMC lesions affect stepping leg selection and anticipatory postural adjustments (APAs) preparation. Fifteen hemi-paretic patients (eight with PMC lesions (PMC(Lesion)) and seven PMC spared (PMC(Spared))) and eight age- and(More)
Theory of mind (ToM) is a crucial aspect of social cognition and is mediated by a complex neural network. Studies on temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) suggest that its neuropathological involvement includes several brain regions. Some regions seem to overlap the neural network responsible for ToM, and this overlap provides an opportunity to explore ToM in TLE(More)
BACKGROUND The hexanucleotide repeat expansion in intron 1 of the C9orf72 gene is recognized as the most common genetic cause of frontotemporal dementia (FTD). There are overlapping clinical and pathological characteristics between FTD and Parkinsonism syndrome, and some FTD patients may present with Parkinsonism. The aim of this study was to analyze the(More)
An automated method for detecting and eliminating electrocardiograph (ECG) artifacts from electroencephalography (EEG) without an additional synchronous ECG channel is proposed in this paper. Considering the properties of wavelet filters and the relationship between wavelet basis and characteristics of ECG artifacts, the concepts for selecting a suitable(More)