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Conventional model-based or statistical analysis methods for functional MRI (fMRI) suffer from the limitation of the assumed paradigm and biased results. Temporal clustering methods, such as fuzzy clustering, can eliminate these problems but are difficult to find activation occupying a small area, sensitive to noise and initial values, and computationally(More)
Progranulin is the precursor of granulins, and its downregulation may lead to neurodegeneration. The single-nucleotide polymorphism rs5848 increases the risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD). We explored the association between alleles of rs5848 and the risk of AD in the Taiwanese population. The frequency of the homozygous TT genotype (16.4 vs. 10.0%) increased(More)
An automated method for detecting and eliminating electrocardiograph (ECG) artifacts from electroencephalography (EEG) without an additional synchronous ECG channel is proposed in this paper. Considering the properties of wavelet filters and the relationship between wavelet basis and characteristics of ECG artifacts, the concepts for selecting a suitable(More)
Our aim in this study was to explore the neural substrates of executive function in frontal and nonfrontal white matter using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). We studied the relationship between executive dysfunction and DTI measurements on 13 subjects with amnesic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI), 11 subjects with early Alzheimer's disease (AD), and 16(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Behavioral and psychologic symptoms of dementia (BPSD) are major sources of a caregiver's burden and also the most important factor when considering the need for institutionalization of dementia patients. BPSD occur in about 90% of patients with dementia. Studies comparing the BPSD in the major types of dementia using unitary behavioral(More)
BACKGROUND Schizophrenia is a heterogeneous disorder with diverse presentations. The current and the proposed DSM-V diagnostic system remains phenomenologically based, despite the fact that several neurobiological and neuropsychological markers have been identified. A multivariate approach has better diagnostic utility than a single marker method. In this(More)
Impaired sensory gating and memory function were reported in a study of 10 schizophrenic patients and 10 age- and sex-matched normal subjects. The P50 component of the auditory evoked potential was used as an index of gating. Explicit memory was tested with the Wechsler Memory Scale and implicit memory by artificial grammar learning. The schizophrenic(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative disease and is caused by an accumulation of A beta plaque deposits in the brains. Evidence is increasing that green tea flavonoids can protect cells from A beta-mediated neurotoxicity. However, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Here, we used a human neuronal cell line MC65 conditional(More)
Age significantly influences the detection thresholds to noxious heat; such thresholds depend on responses in the cerebral cortex to thermal stimuli and the psychophysical perception of such responses. To understand the influence of age on cerebral responses, we used contact heat-evoked potentials (CHEPs) to investigate the physiology of cerebral responses(More)
BACKGROUND Epilepsy is a common chronic neurological disorder characterized by recurrent unprovoked seizures. Electroencephalogram (EEG) signals play a critical role in the diagnosis of epilepsy. Multichannel EEGs contain more information than do single-channel EEGs. Automatic detection algorithms for spikes or seizures have traditionally been implemented(More)